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DATASHEET
Digital Dual Output, 4-Phase Configurable, PWM
Controller with PMBus
ISL68124
The ISL68124 is a digital dual output, flexible multiphase
(X+Y 4) PWM controller supporting the latest PMBus 1.3
specifications. Either output can be configured to support any
desired phase assignments up to a maximum of four phases
across the two outputs (X+Y). For example, 3+1, 2+2, 2+1, or
even a single output operation as a 4+0 configuration are
supported. The ISL68124 utilizes Intersil’s proprietary linear
synthetic digital current modulation scheme to achieve the
industry’s best combination of transient response and ease
of tuning while addressing the challenges of modern
multiphase designs.
Device configuration and telemetry monitoring is
accomplished using Intersil's intuitive PowerNavigator™ GUI.
The ISL68124 device supports on-chip nonvolatile memory to
store various configuration settings that are user selectable via
pin-strap, giving system designers increased power density to
configure and deploy multiple configurations. The device
supports an automatic phase add/drop feature to allow
maximum efficiency across all load ranges. Thresholds for
automatic phase add/drop are user programmable using the
powerful PowerNavigator GUI.
The ISL68124 supports a comprehensive fault management
system to enable the design of highly reliable systems. From a
multitiered overcurrent protection scheme, to the configurable
power-good and output overvoltage/undervoltage fault
thresholds and temperature monitoring, virtually any need is
accommodated.
With minimal external components, easy configuration, robust
fault management, and highly accurate regulation capability,
implementing a high-performance, multiphase regulator has
never been easier.
Applications
• Networking equipment
• Telecom/datacom equipment
• Server/storage equipment
• Point-of-load power supply (Memory, DSP, ASIC, FPGA)
Features
• Advanced linear digital modulation scheme
- Zero latency synthetic current control for excellent HF
current balance
- Dual edge modulation for fastest transient response
• Auto phase add/drop for excellent load vs efficiency profile
• PMBus 1.3 support
- Telemetry - VIN, VOUT, IOUT, power IN/OUT, temperature,
and various fault status registers
- Up to 2MHz bus interface
• Flexible phase configuration
- 4+0, 3+1, 2+2 phase operation
- Operation using less than 4 phases between 2 outputs is
also supported
• Diode braking for overshoot reduction
• Differential remote voltage sensing supports ±0.5% closed
loop system accuracy over load, line and temperature
• Highly accurate current sensing for excellent load line
regulation and accurate OCP
- Supports ISL99227 60A smart power stage
- Supports DCR sense with integrated temperature
compensation
• Comprehensive fault management enables high reliability
systems
- Pulse-by-pulse phase current limiting
- Total output current protection
- Output and input OV/UV
- Open voltage sense detect
- Black box recording capability for faults
• Intuitive configuration via PowerNavigator GUI
- NVM to store up to 8 configurations
• Pb-free (RoHS compliant)
Related Literature
• For a full list of related documents, visit our website
- ISL68124 product page
January 27, 2017
1
CAUTION: These devices are sensitive to electrostatic discharge; follow proper IC Handling Procedures.
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1-888-INTERSIL or 1-888-468-3774 | Copyright Intersil Americas LLC 2016, 2017. All Rights Reserved
Intersil (and design) and PowerNavigator are trademarks owned by Intersil Corporation or one of its subsidiaries.
All other trademarks mentioned are the property of their respective owners.

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ISL68124
Table of Contents
Ordering Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Pin Configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Functional Pin Descriptions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Driver, DrMOS and Smart Power Stage Recommendation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Internal Block Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Typical Application: 3+1 Configuration with ISL99227 SPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Typical Application: 2+2 Configuration with ISL99227 SPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Typical Application: 2+2 Configuration with DCR Sensing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Absolute Maximum Ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Thermal Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Recommended Operating Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Electrical Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Typical Performance Curves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Functional Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
PWM Modulation Scheme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
PMBus Address Selection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Phase Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Automatic Phase Add and Drop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Output Voltage Configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Switching Frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Current Sensing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Temperature Sensing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Temperature Compensation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Lossless Input Current and Power Sensing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Voltage Regulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Current Feedback . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Power-On Reset (POR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Soft-Start Delay and Ramp Times . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Stored Configuration Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Fault Monitoring and Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Power-Good Signals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Output Voltage Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Output Current Protection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Smart Power Stage OC Fault Detect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Thermal Monitoring (TWARN) and Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Layout and Design Considerations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
PMBus Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
PMBus Protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
PMBus Command Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
PMBus Use Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
PMBus Data Formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
PMBus Command Detail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Revision History. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
About Intersil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Package Outline Drawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
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ISL68124
Ordering Information
PART NUMBER
(Notes 1, 2, 3)
PART
MARKING
TEMP. RANGE
(°C)
PACKAGE
(RoHS COMPLIANT)
PKG.
DWG. #
ISL68124IRAZ
ISL68124 IRZ
-40 to +85
40 Ld 5x5 TQFN
L40.5x5D
NOTES:
1. Add “-T” suffix for 6k unit or “-T7A” suffix for 250 unit tape and reel options. Refer to TB347 for details on reel specifications.
2. These Intersil Pb-free plastic packaged products employ special Pb-free material sets, molding compounds/die attach materials and 100% matte tin
plate plus anneal (e3 termination finish, which is RoHS compliant and compatible with both SnPb and Pb-free soldering operations). Intersil Pb-free
products are MSL classified at Pb-free peak reflow temperatures that meet or exceed the Pb-free requirements of IPC/JEDEC J STD-020.
3. For Moisture Sensitivity Level (MSL), see product information page for ISL68124. For more information on MSL, see techbrief TB363.
PART NUMBER
ISL68137
ISL68134
ISL68127
ISL68124
Pin Configuration
TABLE 1. KEY DIFFERENCES BETWEEN FAMILY OF PARTS
PHASE CONFIGURATION
OUTPUT X/OUTPUT Y
SPECIFICATION SUPPORTED
X+Y 7
PMBus/AVSBus
X+Y 4
PMBus/AVSBus
X+Y 7
PMBus
X+Y 4
PMBus
PACKAGE
QFN 48 Ld, 6x6mm
TQFN 40 Ld, 5x5mm
QFN 48 Ld, 6x6mm
TQFN 40 Ld, 5x5mm
ISL68124
(40 LD TQFN)
TOP VIEW
40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32 31
PWM0 1
PWM1 2
PWM2 3
PWM3 4
GND 5
DNC 6
GND 7
DNC 8
DNC 9
DNC 10
EPAD
(GND)
30 CS0
29 CSRTN0
28 CS1
27 CSRTN1
26 CS2
25 CSRTN2
24 CS3
23 CSRTN3
22 RGND1
21 VSEN1
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
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ISL68124
Functional Pin Descriptions
Refer to Table 4 on page 18 for design layout considerations.
PIN NUMBER PIN NAME
DESCRIPTION
4, 3, 2, 1
PWM[3:0] Pulse width modulation outputs. Connect these pins to the PWM input pins of 3.3V logic-compatible, Intersil smart power
stages, driver IC(s) or power stages.
5, 7 GND Ground pins. Connect directly to system GND plane.
6, 8, 9, 10,
38, 39, 40
DNC Do not connect any signals to these pins.
11 EN0 Input pin used for enable control of Output 0. Active high. Connect to ground if not used.
12 EN1 Input pin used for enable control of Output 1. Active high. Connect to ground if not used.
13 TWARN Thermal warning flag. This open-drain output will be pulled low in the event of a sensed over-temperature at TMON pins
without disabling the outputs. Maximum pull-up voltage is VCC.
14 PG0 Open-drain, power-good indicator for Output 0. Maximum pull-up voltage is VCC.
15 PG1 Open-drain, power-good indicator for Output 1. Maximum pull-up voltage is VCC.
16 SCL Serial clock signal pin for SMBus interface. Maximum pull-up voltage is VCC.
17 SDA Serial data signal pin for SMBus interface. Maximum pull-up voltage is VCC.
18 SALRT Serial alert signal pin for SMBus interface. Maximum pull-up voltage is VCC.
19 CONFIG Configuration ID selection pin. See Table 3 on page 15 for more details.
20 VINSEN Input voltage sense pin. Connect to VIN through a resistor divider (typically 40.2k/10k) with a 10nF decoupling capacitor.
21 VSEN1 Positive differential voltage sense input for Output 1. Connect to positive remote sensing point. Connect to ground if not
used.
22 RGND1 Negative differential voltage sense input for Output 1. Connect to negative remote sensing point. Connect to ground if not
used.
23, 25, 27, 29 CSRTN[3:0] The CS and CSRTN pins are current sense inputs to individual phase differential amplifiers. Unused phases should have their
24, 26, 28, 30
CS[3:0]
respective current sense inputs grounded. The ISL68124 supports smart power stage, DCR, and resistor sensing.
Connection details depend on the current sense method chosen.
31 RGND0 Negative differential voltage sense input for Output 0. Connect to negative remote sensing point. Connect to ground if not
used.
32 VSEN0 Positive differential voltage sense input for Output 0. Connect to positive remote sensing point. Connect to ground if not
used.
33 TMON0 Input pin for external temperature measurement at Output 0. Supports diode based temperature sensing as well as smart
power stage sensing. Refer to “Temperature Compensation” on page 14 for more information.
34 TMON1 Input pin for external temperature measurement at Output 1. Supports diode based temperature sensing as well as smart
power stage sensing. Refer to “Temperature Compensation” on page 14 for more information.
35 VCC Chip primary bias input. Connect this pin directly to a +3.3V supply with a high quality MLCC bypass capacitor.
36 VCCS Internally generated 1.2V LDO logic supply from VCC. Decouple with 4.7µF or greater MLCC (X5R or better).
37 SA PMBus addresses selection pin. See Table 2 for more details.
EPAD
GND Package pad serves as GND return for all chip functions. Connect directly to system GND plane with multiple thermal vias.
Driver, DrMOS and Smart Power Stage Recommendation
INTERSIL PART
NUMBER
ISL99227
ISL99140
ISL6596
QUIESCENT CURRENT
(mA)
4.85
0.19
0.19
GATE
DRIVE VOLTAGE
(V)
5
5
5
NUMBER OF
DRIVERS
COMMENTS
Single 60A, 5x5 smart power stage
Single 40A, 6x6 DrMOS
Single Connect ISL6596 VCTRL to 3.3V
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Internal Block Diagram
ISL68124
CS0
CSRTN0
CS1
C SR TN 1
CS2
C SR TN 2
CS3
C SR TN 3
ADC
ADC
ADC
ADC
VDROOP
VSE N0
RGND0
VSA
ADC
VDROOP
VSE N1
RGND1
VSA
ADC
VINSEN
TMO N0
TMO N1
VCC
VCCS
LDO
CURREN
T AC FB
PID
CURREN
T AC FB
PID
ADC
C YC LE -
CYCLE OCP
C YC LE -
CYCLE OCP
C YC LE -
CYCLE OCP
C YC LE -
CYCLE OCP
SUMMED
OCP
SUMMED
OCP
OV -
+
-
UV +
OV -
+
-
UV +
FAULT AND
TELEMETRY
MANAGER
STATUS
MANAGER
LOOP
MANAGER
CPU
NVM
BLACKBOX
DIGITAL
DUAL EDGE
MODULATOR
DIGITAL
DUAL EDGE
MODULATOR
PMBus
INTERFACE
FIGURE 1. INTERNAL BLOCK DIAGRAM
PG0
PG1
TWARN
EN0
EN1
CONFIG
SA
PWM0
PWM1
PWM2
PWM3
SCL
SDA
SALRT
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