Read operations are initiated by both OE and CE LOW.
The read operation is terminated by either CE or OE
returning HIGH. This two line control architecture elimi-
nates bus contention in a system environment. The data
bus will be in a high impedance state when either OE or
CE is HIGH.
Write operations are initiated when both CE and WE are
LOW and OE is HIGH. The X28C256 supports both a CE
and WE controlled write cycle. That is, the address is
latched by the falling edge of either CE or WE, whichever
occurs last. Similarly, the data is latched internally by the
rising edge of either CE or WE, whichever occurs first.
A byte write operation, once initiated, will automatically
continue to completion, typically within 5ms.
Page Write Operation
The page write feature of the X28C256 allows the entire
memory to be written in 2.5 seconds. Page write allows
two to sixty-four bytes of data to be consecutively written
to the X28C256 prior to the commencement of the
internal programming cycle. The host can fetch data
from another device within the system during a page
write operation (change the source address), but the
page address (A6 through A14) for each subsequent
valid write cycle to the part during this operation must be
the same as the initial page address.
The page write mode can be initiated during any write
operation. Following the initial byte write cycle, the host
can write an additional one to sixty-three bytes in the
same manner as the first byte was written. Each succes-
sive byte load cycle, started by the WE HIGH to LOW
transition, must begin within 100µs of the falling edge of
the preceding WE. If a subsequent WE HIGH to LOW
transition is not detected within 100µs, the internal
automatic programming cycle will commence. There is
no page write window limitation. Effectively the page
write window is infinitely wide, so long as the host
continues to access the device within the byte load cycle
time of 100µs.
Write Operation Status Bits
The X28C256 provides the user two write operation
status bits. These can be used to optimize a system
write cycle time. The status bits are mapped onto the
I/O bus as shown in Figure 1.
Figure 1. Status Bit Assignment
I/O DP TB 5 4 3 2 1 0
3855 FHD F11
DATA Polling (I/O7)
The X28C256 features DATA Polling as a method to
indicate to the host system that the byte write or page
write cycle has completed. DATA Polling allows a simple
bit test operation to determine the status of the X28C256,
eliminating additional interrupt inputs or external hard-
ware. During the internal programming cycle, any at-
tempt to read the last byte written will produce the
complement of that data on I/O7 (i.e. write data = 0xxx
xxxx, read data = 1xxx xxxx). Once the programming
cycle is complete, I/O7 will reflect true data. Note: If the
X28C256 is in the protected state and an illegal write
operation is attempted DATA Polling will not operate.
Toggle Bit (I/O6)
The X28C256 also provides another method for deter-
mining when the internal write cycle is complete. During
the internal programming cycle I/O6 will toggle from
HIGH to LOW and LOW to HIGH on subsequent
attempts to read the device. When the internal cycle is
complete the toggling will cease and the device will be
accessible for additional read or write operations.