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2N6139 thru 2N6144 (SILICON)
2N6148 thru 2N6150
I~
I
SILICON BIDIRECTIONAL THYRISTORS
· .. designed primarily for full·wave ac control applications, such as
light dimmers, motor controls, heating controls and power supplies;
or wherever full·wave silicon gate controlled solid·state devices are
needed. Triac type thyristors switch from a blocking to a conducting
state for either polarity of applied anode voltage with positive or
negative gate triggering.
Economical for a Wide Range of Uses
High Surge Current - ITSM = 100 Amp
Low Forward "On" Voltage - 1.4 V typ@ ITM = 14 A
• All Diffused and Passivateli Junctions for Greater Stability
Rugged Construction in Either 3 Lead, Stud or Isolated Stud
Package
Gate Triggering Guaranteed in Four Modes
MAXIMUM RATINGS
Rating
.... Repetitive Peak Off-State Voltage, Note 1
ITJ = -65 to +1000 C, l\ Sine Wave
50 to 60 Hz, Gate Open I
·Peak Principle Voltage
2N6139, 2N6142, 2N6148
2N6140, 2N6143, 2N6149
2N6141, 2N6144, 2N6150
*Peak Gate Voltage
·On·State Current RMS 1-65to +750 C)
IFull Cycle Sine Wave, 50 to 60 Hzl 1+900CI
"'Peak Surge Current
lOne Full Cycle, 60 Hz, TJ = +750 C, preceded
and followed by lOA currentl
Circuit Fusing Considerations
ITJ = -65 to +1000 C, t = 1.0 to 8.3 msl
·Peak Gate Power
ITJ = +750 C, Pulse Width = 2.0 ..1
... Average Gate Power
ITJ = +750 C, t = 8.3 msl
·Peak Gate Current
·Operating Junction Temperature Range
*Storage Temperature Range
·Stud Torque
2N6139 thru 2N6144
THERMAL CHARACTERISTICS
Characteristic
*Thermal Resistance,Junction to Case
Thermal Resistance, Case to Ambient
·'ndicates JE DEC Registered Data
Symbol
VORM
Value
Unit
Volts
VGM
ITIRMSI
ITSM
200
400
600
10
10
5.0
100
Volts
Amp
Amp
12t 40 A2s
PGM 20 Watts
PGIAVI
0.5
Watt
IGM
TJ
Tstg
-
2.0
-65 to +100
-65 to +150
15
Amp
°c
°c
in. lb.
Symbol
R8JC
R8CA
Max
2.0
50
Unit
°C!W
°C!W
2·469
TRIACS
(THYRISTORS)
10 AMPERES RMS
I~~I
2N6139
2N6140
2N6141
CASE 86
6
~~
2N6142
2N6143
2N6144
CASE 250
~
,
2N6148
2N6149
2N6150
CASE 87L

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2N6139 thru 2N6144, 2N6148 thru 2N6150 (continued)
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (TC = 25°C unless otherwise noted)
Characteristic
Symbol
*Peak Blocking Current (E ither Direction)
Rated VORM @TJ = 10o"C. Gate Open
*On-5tate Voltage (Either Direction)
ITM = 14 A Peak, Pulse Width = 1.0 to 2.0 mS,Outy Cycle ";2.0 %
Gate Trigger Current, Continuous de
Main Terminal Voltage = 12 Vdc, RL = 50 Ohms, Minimum Gate
Pulse Width = 2.0/Js
MT2 (+), G(+)
MT2 (+), GH
MT2 H, GH
MT2 H,G(+)
*MT2 (+), G(+); MT2 H, GHTC =-65°C
*MT2 (+1. G(-); MT2 H, G(+)TC =-65°C
Gate Trigger Voltage, Continuous de
Main Terminal Voltage = 12 Vdc, RL =50 Ohms, Minimum Gate
Pulse Width = 2.0 /JS
MT2 (+1. G(+)
MT2 (+), GH
MT2 H, GH
MT2 H, G(+)
*MT2 (+1. G(+); MT2 (-), GH TC =-65°C
*MT2 (+), GH; MT2 H, G(+) TC =-65°C
*Main Terminal Voltage = Rated VORM, RL = 10 k ohms, TJ = l00"C
Holding Current (Either Directionl
Main Terminal Voltage = 12 Vdc, Gate Open, }
TC = 25°C
Initiating Current == 300 rnA
TC = -650C
*Turn-On Time
Main Terminal Voltage = Rated VORM, ITM = 14 A,
Gate Source Voltage = 12 V, RS = 50 Ohms, Rise Time = 0.1 I'S,
Pulse Width = 2.0 I'S
Blocking Voltage Application Rate at Commutation, f=60 Hz, TC=750C
On-State Conditions:
ITM = 14 A, Pulse Width = 4.0 ms,di/dt=5.3 Alms
Off-State Conditions:
Main Terminal Voltage =Rated VORM (2001's min),
Gate Source Voltage = 0 V, RS = 100 n
IORM
VTM
IGT
VGT
IH
tgt
dv/dt
Min
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
0.2
-
-
-
-
Typ
-
1.4
6.0
6.0
10
25
-
-
0.9
0.9
1.1
1.4
-
-
-
6.0
-
1.5
5.0
"Indicates JEDEC Registered Data
NOTES:
1. Ratings apply for open gate conditions. Thyristor devices shall not be tested
with a constant current source for blocking capability such that the voltage
applied exceeds the rated blocking voltage.
Trigger devices are recommended for gating on Triacs.
Max
2.0
I.B
50
75
50
75
125
150
2.0
2.5
2.0
2.5
2.5
3.0
-
40
150*
2.0
-
Unit
mA
Volts
mA
Volts
mA
/JS
V//Js
Triggers Provide:
1. Consistent predictable turn-on points.
2. Simplified circuitry.
3. Fast turn~on time for cooler. more efficient
and reliable operation.
Electrical Characteristics
For General Usage
For Lamp Dimmer
Symbol
M8S4991
VS=
6.0-10V
IS= 350/JA Max
VS1-VS2 =
0.5V Max
Temperature Coefficient - 0.02%/oC Typ
MBS4992
7.5-9.0 V
120/JA Max
0.2 V Max
MBS100
3.0-5.0 V
100-4oo/JA
0.35 V Max
See AN·526 fo, Theory and Characteristics of Silicon Bidirectional Switches.
2-470

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2N6139 thru 2N6144, 2N6148 thru 2N6150 (continued)
FIGURE 1 - AVERAGE CURRENT DERATING
100 I~ ~
~ 90
W
00
""I""t-
~
f'\ I"':~
ili
BO
t-
W
~
U 70
~t-
~~
~~~
Q'" 300
I
~~
t-..600 900
,,~
1200
1500
-I.
1800
.=COiDUCTIION AN~LE
60
o 20 40
60
80 10
ITlAV),AVERAGE ON·STATE CURRENT(AMP)
FIGURE 2 - RMS CURRENT DERATING
100 .......f;;;;;; ~
~ 90
W
00
I"'::0
t-
s:: ~~~ 80
ili
t-
W
~
U 70
~t-
-I.
~ ~ t---..
~~
~t\ =1800 ..........
.=CfNOUC~IDN A~GLE
60
o 20 4,0 60 8,0 10
ITIRMS), RMS ON·STATE CURRENT (AMP)
FIGURE 3 - POWER DISSIPATION
IS
"' ~~-t-
t- 12
'"~
-I.
00
~W - .=CONOUCTION ANGLE -SOO
,.~
~W 80
V.0~'~"
.=300 /
lJOO
~r=-
1200
;'00
~
>
'":; 4.0
'"ii:'
~~
~~
olL~
o 20 40 SO 80 10
IT(AV),AVERAGE ON·STATE CURRENT(AMP)
FIGURE 4 - POWER DISSIPATION
20 40 60 B,O
ITIRMS), RMS ON·STATE CURRENT lAMP)
10
~ 3.0
:::;
~ 2.a
o
~
W
;'"
o 1.0
>
::;
:g 0.7
ce
t-
W~ 0.5
to
,.:
>'" 0.3
-80
FIGURE 5 - TYPICAL GATE TRIGGER VOLTAGE
I
OFF·STATE VOLTAGE = 12 Vdc
- -- -""-
ALL MODES
-60 -40 -20
20 40 60 80 100 120
TJ,JUNCTION TEMPERATURE (DC)
3,0
1 2.0
t-
ffi
" ' -:0o0W0
uN
ffi ~ 1.0
c~e~O
~ ~o.7
~
~ 0.5
!E
FIGURE 6 - TYPICAL GATE TRIGGER CURRENT
OFF·STATE VOLTAGE = 12 Vdc
""-r--.....
ALL MODES
.............
'-......
" ""-...:
O.3
-80 -60 -40 -20
20 40 60 80 100 120
TJ, JUNCTION TEMPERATURE (DC)
2-471

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2N6139 thru 2N6144, 2N6148 thru '2N6150 (continued)
FIGURE 7 - MAXIMUM ON·STATE CHARACTERISTICS
0
0
?
.6p-
o l/
./
10
V! IfTJ'1000
25°C
10
s: 10
:':";:
~ 5.0
13
w
~ 3.0
~
~ 20
l::"
1.0
I '/
I
/
II
1I
/
I
OJ
05
I
I
0.3
I0.1
0.5
I
I
I
1.0
1.5 1.0 1.5 3.0
VTM. ON·STATE VOLTAGE IVOLTSI
3.5
4.0
FIGURE 8 - TYPICAL HOlOING CURRENT
5.0
§
N
~ 3.0
~
o
;~ 2,0
13
'~" 1.0
o
~ 0.7
05
-80
' \ INITI~TIN~A~~RO::~T' 3010rnA f--
APPLIES TO EITHER DIRECTION
'\.
'"""
-60 -40 -20
10
-"- ...........
40 60 80 100 120
TJ. JUNCTION TEMPERATURE lOCI
FIGURE 9 - MAXIMUM AllOWABLE SURGE CURRENT
100
-- --r--.'"c:: 80
::;:
f-
--~ 60
r- l"-i-..
r-- to-
u=>
w
>
~'" 40
'"in TJ '" ·40 to +100oC
~ 10 I---- f 160 Hz
o
1.0 1.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0 10
NUMBER OF FULL CYCLES
FIGURE 10 - THERMAL RESPONSE
2.0
-r--
1
-~7> 0.03
I-""
0.02
lxl0-5 2xl0-5
:::::t:::...-
.........-::::
MAX ,.,......
~ICAL
-5xl0-5 lxl0-4 2xl0 4
-5xl0 4 lxl0-3 2xl0-3
-5xl0 3 0.01
t. TIME Is)
0.02
0.05 0.1
0.2
0.5 1.0
2-472

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2N6139 thru 2N6144, 2N6148 thru 2N6150 (continued)
STYLE 2:
PIN 1. GATE
2. MAIN TERMINAL I
STUD: MAIN TERMINAL 2
2N6139
2N6140
2N6141
MILLIMETERS INCHES
DIM MIN MAX MIN MAX
A - 111.10 - 10.437
-C 7.B7
0.310
F 1.78TYP 0.070 TYP
G 2.29 2.79 0.090 0.110
J 10.72 11.48 0.422 0.452
K - 16.76 - 0.660
L
15.49
0.610
NOTE:
1. DIM "G" MEASURED AT CAN.
CASE 86
STYLE 2:
PIN 1. GATE
2. ANODE 1
3. ANODE 2
STUD -ISOLATED
2N6142
2N6143
2N6144
~--
I
J
L_
MILLIMETERS INCHES
DIM MIN MAX MIN MAX
A - 11.10
C - 10.92
F 1.65 1.91
G 2.29 2.79
H 1.14 1.40
J 10.72 11.48
K 16.76
L-
15.49
N 3.43 3.68
Q 1.65 1.91
-
0.065
0.090
0.045
0.422
-
0.135
0.065
0.437
0.430
0.075
0_110
0.055
0.452
0.660
0.610
0.145
0.075
CASE 250-01
STYLE 2:
PIN 1. GATE
2. MAIN TERMINAL 1
3. MAIN TERMINAL 2
2N6148
2N6149
2N6150
MILLIMETERS INCHES
DIM MIN MAX MIN MAX
-- -A 10.92 0.430
B B.B9
C 5.97 - 0.235
D 0.76 0.86 0.030 0.034
F 4.83 5.33 0.190 0.110
G 2.29 2.79 0.090 0.110
K 33.53
1.320 -
L 31.50 TYP 1.240 YP
N 1.65 1.91 0.065 I 0.075
P 3.43 3.6B 0.135 0.145
Q 4.57 5.08 0.180 0.200
s 30.48
1.20 -
NOTES:
1. DIM. "G" MEASURED AT CAN.
2. LEAD NO.3 ±7.5° DISPLACEMENT.
CASE 87L-01
2N6145 2N6147 (SILICON)thru
For Specifications, See 2N5571 Data.
2-473