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_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ File No. 216
OOcrBLJD
Solid State
Division
Power Transistors
2N4036 2N4037 2N4314
40391 40394
+. R .
i"'" , .• ~
40394
H-1375
j~-'J~
_, vr---\>.o
40391
H-1468
~
2N4036
2N4037
2N4314
JEOEC
TO-39
H-1381
Medium-Power Silicon
P-N-P Planar Transistors
General·Purpose Types for
Industrial and Commercial Applications
Features:
• 2N4036} are p-n-p complements of {2N2102A&
2N4037
2N3053
• Gain-bandwidth product tfT) =60 MHz min
• High breakdown voltages
• Maximum-area-of-operation curves
• Planar construction provides low
noise and low leakage
• Low saturation voltages
• High pulsed beta at high collector current
These devices are available with either 1%-
inch leads (TO-6 package) or %·inch leads
(TO-39 package). Tbelonger..Jaad versions are
specified by suffix "L" after the type num-
ber; the shorter·lead versions are specified by
suffix "s" after the type number.
• Fast switching (ZN4036)
The 2N4036, 2N4037, 2N4314", 40391, and 40394 are
double-diffused, epitaxial-planar, silicon p-n-p transistors; they
differ in breakdown-voltage ratings, leakage-current, and sat-
uration characteristics. The 40391 is a 2N4037 with a factory·
attached heat radiator, intended for printed-circuit-board appli-
cations. Type 40394 is a 2N4037 with a factory-attached
diamond-shaped mounting flange.
These transistors are intended for a wide variety of small-
signal medium-power applications. With a minimum gain-
bandwidth product (fTl of 60 MHz, these devices provide use-
ful gain at high frequencies. In addition, the 2N4036 is
useful in high-speed saturated switching applications.
... Formerly Dev, Nos. TA2651. TA2670. and TA2670A,
respectively.
.....2N2102 is a linear-beta type; the 2N3053 is a general-purpose type.
For technical bulletins for these types, write to RCA Solid State
Division. Box 3200, Somerville. N. J. 08876.
MAXIMUM RATINGS, Absolute Maximum Values:
• COLLECTOR-TO·BASE VOLTAGE ......... .
COLLECTOR-TO·EMITTER SUSTAINING VOLTAGE:
V CBO
2N4036
-90
2N4037
40391,40394
- 60
With 1.5 volts IVBE I of reverse bias ., .. ,
VCEV(,u,1
With external base·ta-emitter resistance (R BE , :5.200 n ...... . VCERI,u,)
... With base open .. , .... , ............. ,.,", ........ , .. VCEOlsus)
• EMITTER-TO·BASE VOLTAGE ... .
V EBO
• COLLECTOR CURRENT ...
IC
• BASE CURRENT ...... .
IB
• TRANSISTOR DISSIPATION: ..
PT
At case temperatures up to 25°C .... ,', ..... ,' ... , ..... .
At free-air temperatures up to 25°C
At temperatures above 250 C .............. , , ........ .
For pulsed operation. , ......................... .
-85
-85
-65
-7
-1.0
-0.5
-60
-60
-40
-7
-1.0
- 0.5
7(2N40371
7(403941
3.5(40391)
1!2N4037,403941
See Figs. 6 and 7
See Fig. 1
• TEMPERATURE RANGE:
Storage & Operating (Junction) ............. .
.. LEAD TEMPERATURE (During soldering):
-65 to 200
At distance2 1/16in. (1.58 mm)
from seating plane for 10 s max.
230
... In accordance with JEDEC registration data format IJS-6 RDF-' 2N4036; JS-g RDF-2 2N4037, 2N4314).
2N4314
-90
-85
-85
-65
-7
-1.0
-0.5
V
V
V
V
V
A
A
w
w
w
w
162
7-73

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File No. 216.
2N4036,2N4037,2N4314,40391,40394
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS, at Case Temperature (TcJ = 2!PC unless otherwise specified
CHARACTERISTIC
SYMBOL
Collector Cutoff Current:
With emitter open
leBO
With base open
With base-emitter junction
reverse biased
TC"'150oC
ICED
ICEX
'Emiller Cutoff Current
lEBO
TEST CONDITIONS
VOLTAGE
Vdc
CUR-
RENT
mAde
VeB
- 90
-60
VeE
- 30
V BE
'e
-85
3D
1.5
1.5
LIMITS
2N4036
Min.
Max.
- 0.1·
-0,02
- 0.5-
2N4037
40391
40394
Min. Max.
- 0.25-
- 5-
2N4314
Min.
Max.
- 0.25-
-5·
UNITS
mA
,A
,A
100·
0.1·
- 0.1·
- 0.02
- ,.
-1·
mA
mA
,A
Collectpr-lo-Base
Breakdown Voltage (IE :: 0)
V(BRICBO
Emmer-ta-Base Breakdown Voltage
liE'" -OJmAI
V(BAIEBO
-0.1
- 90
-7
- 60·
-7
-900
-7
V
V
Collector-ta-Emltter
Sustaintnl=! Voltage:
(See Figs, 2 and 3)
With base-emitter lunctton
reverse biased
With external base-to-
. emitter reSistance
(ReEI:S. 200 1!
With base open
VCEVlsus)
VCER(susl
VCEO(susl
1.5
- 100
_ 858
- 100
- 100
_ 85i1
_ 65<1
_ 60a
_ 50"
_ 40a
• Collector-la-Emitter
=Voltage (Ie -15 rnA)
Base-to-Emiller Voltage
VCE(sat)
V BE
-10
- 150
-150
- 0 65
- 11
-1.4
- 1.5-
=- Base·lo·Emltter
Voltage (Ie -15 rnA)
VsE(sall
- 150
-'4
- DC Forward·Current
Transfer Rat.o
hFE
-2
-'0
- 10
-10
-10
- 150
20 200
- 0.1
20
- 1.0
_ 150b 40 140
_ 500b
20
15
50 250
Common·Emltter. Small-S.gn..JI.
Short·Clrcult, Forward-Current
Transfer Rat.o (at f = 20 MHI)
""
-10
-50
3D
3.0
- Magnitude of Common-Em.tter.
Small,Slgnal, Short-C.rcult,
Forward-Current Transfer Raila
(at f " 20 MHz)
1",,1
Co(lector-Base Capacitance
lat f '" I MHz, IE =01
Cob
Input Capacitance
C,b
- Sat. SWitching Time· C
(See Figs. 70 and l1J
Rise time
Storage time
Fallt.me
Turn·on time
Turn-off time
,,,
"
'on
toll
-10
- 50
-10
0.5
3.0
3D
90
3.0 10
30·
90
- 30
-30
-30
- 30
- 30
- 150
- 150
-150
-150
- 150
70
600
100
110
700
Thermal ReSistance:
Junctlon-to-Case
ROJC
25· 25 (max.)
2N4037 &
40394
Junction-to-Ambient
R'JJA
165 165 {mad
2N4037 &
40394
50 (max.)
40391
a CAUTION. The sustaonong voltage; VCEO (susl. VCEAlsusl. al1d V~EV.(susl MUST NOT be measu,red all a curve tracer
These sustall10ng vollilges should )e meaSlorerj by meal1S 01 the test CirCUit shown on F.g 2.
<b Pulsed; pulse duration 300 jJ S, duty factor 2%.
.In accordance with JEOEC registration data lor mat (JS GRDF 1 2N4036; JS-g ROF 2 2N4037,2N43141
C1CI B1 = 'B2 = 15 rnA
_853
_ 85iJ
_ G5iJ
-1.4
- 1.5-
V
V
V
V
V
V
15
50 250
3.0
3.0 10
30· pF
90 pF
25 °C/W
165 °C/W
°C/W
163

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2N4036, 2N4037, 2N4314, 40391, 40394 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ File No. 216
CASE TEMPERATURE (TC) = 25°C
(CURVES MUST BE DERATED LINEARLY
NORLJ,WITH INCREASE IN TEMPERATURE)
POWER
I I I I ,",LTIPL*IER ~J"-IC MAX. (CONTINUOUS)
150 1£5
PULSED OPERATION
I
8
«6
I
~
u
H
~
4
Iz-
lJJ
a::
a::
2
u=>
a::
0
I-
u
-0.1
lJJ
...J
...J
8
u0 6
'" " " "t /~ 9.~-=
"~~LL~
~
0"
/~
~
~~ 5.0I
01'~1l.q~01'
I
} : :I 3.0
Ii
I
2.0
~I
1.0_
VCEO MAX. = 40V
(2N4037)
IT I
VCEO MAX.= 65V
1
"Ii
i
i
4
2
-0.01
(2N4036 a 2N4314)
I I1
* FOR SINGLE
NONREPETITIVE
PULSE
II I
1
I
!
I
1
I
-I 2 4 6 8-10 2 4 6
COLLECTOR-TO-EMITTER VOLTAGE (VCE)-V
92CS-17443
Fig. 1 - Maximum operating areas for types 2N4036, 2N4037, and 2N4314.
TERMINAL CONNECTION:.
FOR 40394
Lead 1 - Emitter
Lead 2 - Base
Flange, Lead 3 - Collector
TERMINAL CONNECTIONS
FOR 2N4036, 2N4037, 2N4314
Lead 1 - Emitter
Lead 2 - Base
Case, Lead 3 - Collector
TERMINAL CONNECTIONS
FOR 40391
Lead 1 - Emitter
Lead 2 - Base
Heat-Radiator. Lead 3 - Collector
164

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File No. 216 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 2N4036, 2N4037, 2N4314, 40391, 40394
CLARE MERCURY
RELAY MODEL NO.
HGP 1004, OR
EQUIVALENT
a=:::: 60 CIS
OSCILLOSCOPE INPUT
HEWLETT-PACKARD
MODEL NO. 1308,
OR EQUIVALENT
HORIZ.
GND.
-Vcc
(O-IOOV)
92LS-1255RI
Fig.2 - Circuit used to measure sustaining voltages VCEO(susJ,
VCER(SUS), and VCEV(sus) for all types.
<
E
I
U
H
>-
ffi
100 ~
~
0
~
::l
8
92LS-1263
NOTE:
The sustaining voltages VCEO(susl, VCER(sus), and
VCEV(sus) are acceptable when the traces fall to the left and
below point "Au for type 2N4036 and 2N4314. and point "B"
fortype 2N4037.
Fig.3 - Oscilloscope display for measurement of sustaining voltages
(test circuit shown in Fig.2J.
COLLECTOR CURRENT Uc)· 100 mA (PULSED)
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE ITAI"25"C
~
~ -IOOf---f-I+I+-++I-H--+-+++f-f-f-++I-++l-H
'"~~-90f---f-I+I+-++I-H--+-+++f-f-f-++I-++l-H
~~_80f---f-~2"N4~Oq3~6·12~N4n3T'4~-+~~~++Ht~~~
~~ I ~~S-70f---f-I+I+-+~I-H+-+-~~~-++H~~~
i~
~g~J-601--t-H+t-2:::N~4"03:::7!-ft-f-f..fH-~I-;---+-+-+-f+-++++I
~ -5o'HK+++-t-+t++-+-t-++~'\1't-+t-tt-t--I-t+I
g -40
-30
2 .. 68
2 .. 68
I 10 100 I K 10K lOOK
EXTERNAL BASE-TO-EMITTER RESISTANCE (ReE) - n
92LS-I256R2
Fig.4 - Sustaining voltage vs. base-to-emitter resistance for all types.
COLLECTOR-TO-EMITTER VOLTAGE IVCE)=-IO V
FREQUENCY" 20 MHz
AMBIENT 'TEMPERATURE (TAI;25 D C
... ...
-I -10 -100
COLLECTOR CURRENT Uc)- mA
-1,000
92LS-1257RI
Fig.5 - Typical small-signal beta characteristic for all types.
-75 -50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125 150 175 200
CASE OR AMBIENT TEMPERATURE ITC OR TA )_.. c
92LS-1294R2
Fig.6 - Dissipation derating curve for all types.
25 50 75 100 125 ISO 175 200
CASE TEMPERATURE (Td- °c
92LS-1469~1
Fig.7 - Dissipation derating curve for types 2N4036, 2N4037, and 2N4314.
165

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2N4036. 2N4037. 2N4314, 40391, 40394 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ File No. 216
10'
<t
COLLECTOR-TQ-BASE VOLTAGE (VC81:-~
~
..LIO
g
~I
d . rz~
I&'".,'"<r 10'
<r
u"
""-- 10 C'
§ ,~ lCi3
<r
==--- --j~ 104
-40 V
~~
--20V
---+!
I
~'
-_._.
i
I
I
-'
8 1cl ~
16 6
-100 -50
50
100 150
200
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE ITJI-"C
Fig.8 - Typical collector-cutoff current vs. junction temperature
for type 2N4036.
+Vae":::::: 4V
ADJUST lSI" IS2
OUTPUT TO
OSCILLOSCOPE
CHANNEL A
-30V
Z"'lo6n
CIN'" 20 pF
tr,15ns
120n
200{\
OUTPUT TO
OSCILLOSCOPE
CHANNEL B
Z=IOG.n
~~5~~F~__~~~__; -__~
CIN" 20 pF
tr '15ns
INPUT FROM PULSE
GENERATOR
PULSE WIDTH=20,us
<PULSE REP. FREQ.=IOKHz
tr IOns
300n,l%
.,"""==.·CALIBRATE •
120.n
OSCILLOSC\
GROUND
Fig.9 - Circuit used to measure switching times for type 2N4036.
o uJ--20,0,.., -0,65V-"
-8V--
INPUT-PULSE
WAVE FORM
-30v--;I
~
OUTPUT-PULSE
WAVE FORM
92LS-1264
to -Fig. Oscilloscope display for measurement of switching times
test circuit shown in Fig.9).
BASE-TO-EMITTER VOLTAGE (VBE)-V
92LS-1295R2
Fig.11 - Typical transfer characteristics for types 2N4037 and 2N4314.
-1.0 -2.0 -3.0 -4.0 -5.0 -6,0
COLLECTOR-TO-EMITTER SATURATION VOLTAGE, VCEISQt)-V
92LS-1268RL
Fig. 12 - Typical saturation-voltage characteristics for type 2N4036.
166
Ie • 10 ISI • 10 IS2
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (TAI=25 D C
f-----
: ,I.OO~
J.J I
><"" "-c, ,
"- I''~"" ,100
.~
. "i
l:!
........~...
~fs)STORAGe-
........ " -
...... R~SE .TI.ME l"l
~TlMErt\ r-
I~ ,
D~t...q)-
"AtE(t
10 , ,
,,
-10
-100
-1,000
COLLECTOR CURRENT (IC) -rnA
92LS-12&7RI
Fig. 13 - Typical saturated switching times for type 2N4036.