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_________________________________ File No. 562
OOcn5LJO
Solid State
Division
Power Transistors
2N6178 2N6180
2N6179 2N6181
/.9
.c~///
"Plastic TOoS"
Silicon N-P-N & P-N-P
Power Transistors
"Plastic TO-S" General-Purpose Types for
Large-Signal, Medium-Power Applications
Features:
• Maximum area·of-operation curves
• Planar construction for low-noise and low-leakage characteristics
• Low saturation voltage (2N6178, 2N61801
• High beta (2N6179, 2N61811
• Fast switching (2N6178, 2N61791
• "Plastic TO-S" package with insulated mounting hole
RCA types 2N6178, 2N6179, 2N6180, and 2N6181· are
silicon power transistors intended for large-signal, medium-
power applications in industrial and commercial equipment.
The 2N6178 and 2N6179 are triple-diffused silicon n-p-n
planar types. These types have features similar to the
popular 2N2102 plus higher collector-current ratings and
dissipation capability.
Types 2N6180 and 2N6181 (p·n·p complements of the
2N6178 and 2N6179, respectively) are double-diffused,.
epitaxial-planar devices. These types have features similar to
the 2N4036 plus higher collector-current ratings and dissi-
pation capability.
TERMINAL CONNECTIONS
Lead 1 - Emitter
Lead 2 - Base
Lead 3 - Collector
Rectangular Metal Slug·Coliector
In addition, these types utilize the new RCA-developed
"Plastic TO·5" package. This plastic package has an insu·
lated mounting hole for ease of mounting and heat sinking
for optimum thermal contact.
• Formerly RCA Dev. Nos. TA7554-TA7557, respectively.
MAXIMUM RATINGS, Absolute-Maximum Values:
'COLLECTOR·TO·BASE VOLTAGE . . . . . . . . . . VCBO
COLLECTOR·TO·EMITTER VOLTAGE:
With 1.5 volts IVBE) of reverse bias . . . . .. VCEX
With external base-ta-emitter resistance
IRsel = lOOn, sustaining . . . . . . . . . VCER(sus)
With base open, sustaining . . . . . . . . . . . VCEOtsus
'EMITTER·TO·BASE VOLTAGE . . . . . . . . . . . . VEBO
'CONTINUOUS COLLECTOR CURRENT· ...... IC
'CONTINUOUS BASE CURRENT . . . . . . . . . . . . IB
'TRANSISTOR OISSIPATION:
PT
At case temperatures up to 250 C . . . . . . . . .
At case temperatures above.25 0 C . . . . . . . . .
At case temperatures up to 100De . . . . . . . .
At case temperatures above 1000 C . . . . . . . .
'TEMPERATURE RANGE:
Storage and operating (Junction) . . . . . . . . .
-LEAD TEMPERATURE (During soldering):
At distance 21/32 in (0.8 mm) from
seating plane for 10 s max . . . . . . . . . . . . .
"'n accordance with JEDEC registration data format JS-6/AOF-l.
2N6179
75
75
65
50
25
10
..
..
2N6181
·75
2N6178
100
-75 100
·65 90
·50 75
-5
·2
·1
25 25
See Figs. 1,2, & 3
10 10
See Figs. 3, 4, & 5
·65 to 150
230
2N61BO
·100
·100
-90
-75
·7
·2
·1
25
10
V
V
V
V
V
A
A
w
w
°C
310 5·72

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File No. 562
2N6178·2N6181
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS, at case temperature (TC) =250 C, unless otherwise specified.
CHARACTERISTIC
Collector-Cutoff Current
With emitter open
With base open
With base reverse·b~ased
With base reverse-biased
and TC = l000 C
Emitter-Cutoff Current
Emitter-la-Base Breakdown
Voltage (IE = 0,1 mAl
Collector-la-Emitter
Breakdown Voltage:
With base-emitter
junction reverse-biased
SYMBDL
ICBO
ICEO
ICEV
lEBO
TEST CONDITIONS
LIMITS
DC
Voltage
IVI
DC
Current
ImAl
Type
2N6178
Type
2N6179
Type
2N6180
Type
2N6181
UNITS
VCB VCE VBE IC
IB Min. Max. Min. Max. Min. Max. Min. Max.
80
60
-80
-60
60
45
-60
-45
100
75
-100
-75
-1.5
-1.5
1.5
1.5
70 -1.5
45 -1.5
-70 1.5
-45 1.5
-7
-5
0.5
0-
0-
0-
0-
0.1
0.5
0 0.1
0
0
0.5
-0.5
pA
-0.5
-1
-1
0.1
-0.1
-0.1
0.5
- -0.5
- -0.5
0.1
- -0.1
- -0.1
mA
mA
mA
VIBRIEBO
-7 -5
V
VIBRICEV
-1.5
0.1
1.5 -0.1
100
75
- -100
-75
V
With base open
Collector-ta-Emitter
Sustaining Voltage:
With external base-to-
emitter resistance
tRBEI- lOOn
VtBRICEO
VeER(susl8
With base open
VCEO(SUS)a
Collector-ta-Emitter
Saturation Voltage
Base-la-Emitter Saturation
Voltage
Output Capacitance
(At 1 MHz)
Vee (sat)
VBE(sat)
Cabo
DC Forward-Current Transfer
Ratio
hFE
Second-Breakdown Collector
Current c, d
(With base forward-biased)
ISlb
Gain-Bandwidth Product
fT
Magnitude of Common
Emitter, Small·Signal, Short·
Circuit Forward-Current
Transfer Ratio If"" 10 MHz)
Ihf·1
10
-10
4
-4
2
-2
2
-2
VCC'
50
-50
-4
-4
100 0 75
100 0 -
50
-75
50
V
100
-100
90
65
-90 -65
V
100
-100
0 75
0-
500 50 -
500 50
-500 50
-500 -50 -
12
0.5
1.2
20
50
-50
500b
-50ob
l000b
-looob
30 130
10
50
0.8
1.5
12 20
30
40 250
-75 -50
0.7 1.2
-1.2 - -1.5
25 40 25 40
30 130
30
40 250
10
V
V
V
pF
200
50 50
-50
200
- -150 - -150
50
-50 50
mA
MH,
50
-50
Chart continued on page 3.
311

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2N6178-2N6181 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ File No. 562
CHARACTERISTIC
SYII/IBOL
TEST CONOITIONS
DC
Voltage
IVI
DC
Current
ImAI
Type
2N617B
LlII/IITS
Type
2N6179
Type
2N61BO
Type
2N6181
UNITS
Saturated Switching Time'
(See Fig. 30 & 31)
Turn·on Time
Turn-off Time
ton
toff
VCB VCE
Vee
30
-30
VBE
VCC=
30
-30
IC IB Min. Max. Min. Max. Min. Max. Min. Max.
500 50 - BO - 80 -
--
-500 -50 - - - - - 100 - 100
500 50 -
-500 -50 -
800
-
- BOO
--
- ---
- 1000 - 1000
n,
n,
Thermal Resistance:
Junction-la-Case
ReJC
- 5- 5-
5-
5 °C/W
JunctIOn-la-Ambient
ROJA
• In accordance with JEDEC registration data format JS-S/RDF-1.
a CAUTION: The sustaining voltages VCEO(sus) and VCER(sus) MUST
NOT be measured on a curve tracer.
b Pulsed; pulse duration '::;300 IJS, duty factor ~O.02.
.- 156 - 156 - 156 - 156 °C/W
C Safe operating regions for forward-bias operation are shown on Figs. 1,
2, 4,and 5.
d Pulsed: O.4s, non·repetitive pulse.
N-P·N
sl-10 CASE TEMPERATURE {Tel" 250 c
6 (FOR TC ABOVE 250 C, DERATE LINEARLY)
1 11
4I
PULSE OPERATION
, ,< Ie MAX.JNTINUOUSl
2 1-- (FOR SINGLE NON·
REPET1ITIVE PULSE)
~
I~
(DDCISDSPIEPRAATTIIOONN-LiMIT"E"01,~\~~q~"\,,'&'>.1....
~1
u
~B
13 6
\'. "
\\
\\
j
B4
,
0.1
6 8 10
COLLECTOR·TO·EMITTER VOLTAGE (VCE)~ V
Fig.l-Maximum operating areas for
2N6178 and 2N6179 at Tc=2fjOC.
8 100
IS/b-LIMITED
1'=i-~6180,2N6IBI)
25 50 75 100 125 ISO
eASE TEMPERATURE ITc I-be
. P-N-P
10 CASE TEMPERATURE (TCl = 250 e
(FOR Te ABOVE 25 0 C, DERATE liNEARLY)
6
,
1
I
PULSE OPERATION
r - ~FOR SINGLE NON·
r--.. REPErTIVE PULSE)
< Ie MAx.JNTINUOU511
,1
I)~~
~I"DC 6PERATION
~ (OISSIP ATION -liMITED)
I . 1\-1
,
\
0
~6
4
1
0.1
\ \ !\
1f,\ ~\{
d,
~~ I
'2>
VeEO MAX. '" ~50 v
1\
(2N61BI)
I
VCEO MAX. '" _75 V
(2N6IBO)
~
-1 6 6 _10
COLLECTOR·TO·EMITTER VOLT AGE (YeE) - Y
8 -100
Fig.2-Maximum operating areas for
2N6180and 2N6181 at TC=2fjOC.
N-P-N
,4
Ie MAX. (CONTINUOUS)
2
"I' I,
~6
I
OC OPERATION
"'-
4
~zw
'irATION-UMITEDl
~
,~
u~
~
2 CASE TEMPERATUR~ {Tcl =IO~OC
~ 0.1
:.l
~~d ,( , f -
~~
::i 6
84
VCEO MAX.=50V
:
I
(2N6179)-
2
0.01
0.1
4 6,
-+VCEO MAX.=75V
,\·(2N617B)
2
4 6 10
2
4
6,
100
COLLECTOR-TO-EMITTER VOLTAGE (VCE)-V
92C5-19892
Fig.3-Derating curves for all types.
Fig.4-Maximum operating areas for
2N6178 and 2N6179at Tc=10(JOC.
312

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File No. 562 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 2N6178-2N6181
P N-P
COLLECTOR-TO-EMITTER VOLTAGE {VCE)-V
Fig.S-Maximum operating areas for
2N6180 and 2N6181 at TC""I000C.
92C'H9893
20 A.
II
15
" 10
I6
'"! 6
~
CASE TEMPERATURE CHANGE
(DoTe I E 250 C
'\. '\. '<.
~ '\ i'-
~ '~\ 1\'" '\.~O'>-c~ i'-..
\ r\'C~
w
2
~
\
85°C
'"I
'"0.8 I---[\OO'C 1\
g~
'\
"".. 8 104
'\
NUMBER OF THERMAL CYCLES
Fig.6-Thermaf-cycling rating chart for all
types.
,
92CS-198H
<,, <,,
~~
i~
~{)
ww
;i ~
0.7 0.8
BASE·TO·EMITTER VOLlAGE (VSEI- V
9ZCS-I~OOIRI
Fig.7-Typical input characteristics for
2N6178 and 2N6179.
BASE.TO·EMITTER VOL lAGE (VSEI _ v
nCS-15000RI
Fig.8- Typical input characteristics for
2N6180 and 2N6181.
1 0.8
u
I O.G
~~ 0.4
0.2
COLLECTOR-TO-EMITTER VOLTAGE {VCE)-V
92CS-15006AI
Fig.9-Typical output characteristics for
2N6178 and 2N6179.
0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.' 0.9
BASE·TO·EMITTER VOLlAGE (Va E) - v
92C5-IS003RI
Fig. 10- Typical transfer characteristics for
2N6178 and 2N6179.
313

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2N6178-2N6181 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ File No. 562
P·N-P
-0.7 CASE TEMPERATUREITC)-25°C
-10
-0.6
;i-05
!<
~-a4
~
g-03
a-§
0.2
-8
-6
-4
BASE CURRENT IIal- -2mA
-0.1
BASE.TQ.EMITIER VOLTAGE (VSE) _ V
92CS-15002fJl
Fig. 11-Typical transfer characteristics for
2N6780and 2N67S7.
N-P·N
CASE TEMPERATURE (Te ,~ Z5°C
~ ~~~~ ~ 4
~
COLLECTOR-lO-EMITTER VOLTAGE IVCE)-V
~
92CS-15007RI
Fig. 12-Typical output characteristics for
2N67S0 and 2N6787.
200 400 600
COLLECTOR CURRENT tIe)-rnA
800
92CS-19896
Fig. 13-Typica/ saturation-voltage Charac'
teristics for 2N6178 and 2N6179.
CHANNEL A
TO TEKTRONIX
15mH
OSCilLOSCOPE
MODEL No. 503,
~_j...::CH.::.A:nNNEL B OR EQUIVALENT
~ Vee
- IO-50V)
COMMON
In
o.5W
FOR 2N61BO OR 2NGle., REVERSE POLARITY OF Yea AND Vee
Fig. IS-Circuit used to measure sustaining
voltages VCEo!sus)and VCER!SUS).
314
a -200 -400 -600 -800
COLLECTOR CURRENT IIc1-mA
92CS-19895
Fig. 14-Typical saturation·voltage charac·
teristics for 2N61aO and 2N6181.
N-P·N
'":;;> CASE TEMPERATURE (TC ).25°C
.~,.-Loo,,".(1) ~
VCER (sUII)
0:-" 90
""!':'I:uil~
t"-.....
...........
~g 80
2N6178
';-'::"1
~! 70 VCER (sus)
u",
"j$'''1' 60
o~
u",
"i'c~o !So
-z.oJ
2:> 40
4
10
'"" ...........
6•
100
2
4
t--
• •IK
EXTERNAL BASE-TO-EMITTER RESISTANCE
VCEO(sUII)
IT
II
I II
2N6179
VCEO (sus)
I II
••2 4
10K
(RBE)-n
92CS-19898
Fig. 16-Collector-to-emittflr sustaining vol-
tage characteristics for 2N6178
and 2N6179.