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Preliminary Information
64K
X24645
8192 x 8 Bit
Advanced 2-Wire Serial E2PROM with Block LockTM Protection
FEATURES
2.7V to 5.5V Power Supply
Low Power CMOS
—Active Read Current Less Than 1mA
—Active Write Current Less Than 3mA
—Standby Current Less Than 1µA
Internally Organized 8192 x 8
New Programmable Block Lock Protection
—Software Write Protection
—Programmable hardware Write Protect
Block Lock (0, 1/4, 1/2, or all of the E2PROM
array)
2 Wire Serial Interface
Bidirectional Data Transfer Protocol
32 Byte Page Write Mode
—Minimizes Total Write Time Per Byte
Self Timed Write Cycle
—Typical Write Cycle Time of 5ms
High Reliability
—Endurance: 100,000 Cycles
—Data Retention: 100 Years
Available Packages
—8-Lead PDIP
—8-Lead SOIC (JEDEC)
—14-Lead SOIC (JEDEC)
—20-Lead TSSOP
DESCRIPTION
The X24645 is a CMOS 65,536-bit serial E2PROM,
internally organized 8192 x 8. The X24645 features a
serial interface and software protocol allowing opera-
tion on a simple two wire bus.
Two device select inputs (S1, S2) allow up to four
devices to share a common two wire bus.
A Write Protect Register at the highest address loca-
tion, 1FFFh, provides three new write protection
features: Software Write Protect, Block Write Protect,
and Hardware Write Protect. The Software Write
Protect feature prevents any nonvolatile writes to the
X24645 until the WEL bit in the write protect register is
set. The Block Write Protection feature allows the user
to individually write protect four blocks of the array by
programming two bits in the write protect register. The
Programmable Hardware Write Protect feature allows
the user to install the X24645 with WP tied to VCC,
program the entire memory array in place, and then
enable the hardware write protection by programming
a WPEN bit in the write protect register. After this,
selected blocks of the array, including the write protect
register itself, are permanently write protected, as long
as WP remains HIGH.
FUNCTIONAL DIAGRAM
WP
VCC
VSS
SDA
START
STOP
LOGIC
START CYCLE
H.V. GENERATION
TIMING &
CONTROL
WRITE PROTECT
REGISTER AND
LOGIC
SCL
S2
S1
SLAVE ADDRESS
REGISTER
+COMPARATOR
CONTROL
LOGIC
LOAD
INC
WORD
ADDRESS
COUNTER
R/W
DOUT
ACK
PIN
XDEC
E2PROM
256 X 256
YDEC
8
CK DATA REGISTER DOUT
2783 ILL F01
©Xicor, 1995, 1996 Patents Pending
2783-3.5 5/13/96 T1/C0/D0 NS
Characteristics subject to change without notice
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X24645
Xicor E2PROMs are designed and tested for applica-
tions requiring extended endurance. Inherent data
retention is greater than 100 years.
PIN DESCRIPTIONS
Serial Clock (SCL)
The SCL input is used to clock all data into and out of
the device.
Serial Data (SDA)
SDA is a bidirectional pin used to transfer data into
and out of the device. It is an open drain output and
may be wire-ORed with any number of open drain or
open collector outputs.
An open drain output requires the use of a pull-up
resistor. For selecting typical values, refer to the Pull-
up resistor selection graph at the end of this data
sheet.
Device Select (S1, S2)
The device select inputs (S1, S2) are used to set the
first and second bits of the 8-bit slave address. This
allows up to four X24645 devices to share a common
bus. These inputs can be static or actively driven. If
used statically they must be tied to VSS or VCC as
appropriate. If actively driven, they must be driven with
CMOS levels (driven to VCC or VSS).
Write Protect (WP)
The write protect input controls the hardware write
protect feature. When held LOW, hardware write
protection is disabled and the X24645 can be written
normally. When this input is held HIGH, and the WPEN
bit in the write protect register is set HIGH, write
protection is enabled, and nonvolatile writes are
disabled to the selected blocks as well as the write
protect register itself.
PIN NAMES
Symbol
S1, S2
SDA
SCL
WP
VSS
VCC
NC
Description
Device Select Inputs
Serial Data
Serial Clock
Write Protect
Ground
Supply Voltage
No Connect
2783 FRM T01.1
PIN CONFIGURATIONS
8-LEAD DIP & SOIC
NC
S1
S2
VSS
18
27
X24645
36
45
VCC
WP
SCL
SDA
NC
NC
NC
S1
S2
VSS
NC
14-LEAD SOIC
1 14
2 13
3 12
4 X24645 11
5 10
69
78
NC
NC
VCC
WP
SCL
SDA
NC
NC
NC
S1
NC
NC
NC
S2
VSS
NC
NC
20-LEAD TSSOP
1 20
2 19
3 18
4 17
5 X24645 16
6 15
7 14
8 13
9 12
10 11
NC
VCC
WP
NC
NC
NC
SCL
SDA
NC
NC
2783 ILL F02.4
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X24645
DEVICE OPERATION
The X24645 supports a bidirectional bus oriented pro-
tocol. The protocol defines any device that sends data
onto the bus as a transmitter, and the receiving device
as the receiver. The device controlling the transfer is a
master and the device being controlled is the slave.
The master will always initiate data transfers, and pro-
vide the clock for both transmit and receive operations.
Therefore, the X24645 will be considered a slave in all
applications.
Figure 1. Data Validity
Clock and Data Conventions
Data states on the SDA line can change only during
SCL LOW. SDA state changes during SCL HIGH are
reserved for indicating start and stop conditions. Refer
to Figures 1 and 2.
Start Condition
All commands are preceded by the start condition,
which is a HIGH to LOW transition of SDA when SCL is
HIGH. The X24645 continuously monitors the SDA and
SCL lines for the start condition and will not respond to
any command until this condition has been met.
SCL
SDA
DATA STABLE DATA
CHANGE
2783 ILL F04
Notes: (5) Typical values are for TA = 25°C and nominal supply voltage (5V)
(6) tWR is the minimum cycle time from the system perspective when polling techniques are not used. It is the maximum time the
device requires to perform the internal write operation.
Figure 2. Definition of Start and Stop
SCL
SDA
START BIT
STOP BIT
2783 ILL F05
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X24645
Stop Condition
All communications must be terminated by a stop
condition, which is a LOW to HIGH transition of SDA
when SCL is HIGH. The stop condition is also used to
place the device into the standby power mode after a
read sequence. A stop condition can only be issued
after the transmitting device has released the bus.
Acknowledge
Acknowledge is a software convention used to indicate
successful data transfer. The transmitting device,
either master or slave, will release the bus after trans-
mitting eight bits. During the ninth clock cycle the
receiver will pull the SDA line LOW to acknowledge
that it received the eight bits of data. Refer to Figure 3.
The X24645 will respond with an acknowledge after
recognition of a start condition and its slave address. If
both the device and a write operation have been
selected, the X24645 will respond with an acknowl-
edge after the receipt of each subsequent 8-bit word.
In the read mode the X24645 will transmit eight bits of
data, release the SDA line and monitor the line for an
acknowledge. If an acknowledge is detected and no
stop condition is generated by the master, the X24645
will continue to transmit data. If an acknowledge is not
detected, the X24645 will terminate further data trans-
missions. The master must then issue a stop condition
to return the X24645 to the standby power mode and
place the device into a known state.
Figure 3. Acknowledge Response From Receiver
SCL FROM
MASTER
DATA OUTPUT
FROM
TRANSMITTER
1
89
DATA
OUTPUT
FROM
RECEIVER
START
ACKNOWLEDGE
2783 ILL F06
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X24645
DEVICE ADDRESSING
Following a start condition the master must output the
address of the slave it is accessing (see Figure 4). The
next two bits are the device select bits. A system could
have up to four X24645’s on the bus. The four
addresses are defined by the state of the S1 and S2
inputs. S2 of the slave address must be the inverse of
the S2 input pin.
Figure 4. Slave Address
DEVICE
SELECT
HIGH ORDER
ADDRESS
BITS
S2 S1 A12 A11 A10 A9 A8 R/W
2783 ILL F07.1
The next five bits of the slave address are an exten-
sion of the array’s address and are concatenated with
the eight bits of address in the byte address field,
providing direct access to the whole 8192 x 8 array.
The last bit of the slave address defines the operation to
be performed. When set HIGH a read operation is
selected, when set LOW, a write operation is selected.
Following the start condition, the X24645 monitors the
SDA bus comparing the slave address being transmitted
with its slave address device type identifier. Upon a
correct compare the X24645 outputs an acknowledge on
the SDA line. Depending on the state of the R/W bit, the
X24645 will execute a read or write operation.
WRITE OPERATIONS
Byte Write
For a write operation, the X24645 requires a second ad-
dress field. This address field is the byte address, com-
prised of eight bits, providing access to any one of 8192
words in the array. Upon receipt of the byte address, the
X24645 responds with an acknowledge and awaits the
next eight bits of data, again responding with an acknowl-
edge. The master then terminates the transfer by gener-
ating a stop condition, at which time the X24645 begins
the internal write cycle to the nonvolatile memory. While
the internal write cycle is in progress the X24645 inputs
are disabled, and the device will not respond to any re-
quests from the master. Refer to Figure 5 for the address,
acknowledge and data transfer sequence.
Figure 5. Byte Write
BUS ACTIVITY:
MASTER
S
T
A
R
SLAVE
ADDRESS
T
SDA LINE
S
BUS ACTIVITY:
X24645
BYTE
ADDRESS
A
C
K
A
C
K
DATA
S
T
O
P
P
A
C
K
2783 ILL F08.1
5