X24C16.pdf 데이터시트 (총 15 페이지) - 파일 다운로드 X24C16 데이타시트 다운로드

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XPr2e4liCm1in6ary Information
16K
X24C16
Serial E2PROM
2048 x 8 Bit
FEATURES
2.7V to 5.5V Power Supply
Low Power CMOS
—Active Read Current Less Than 1 mA
—Active Write Current Less Than 3 mA
—Standby Current Less Than 50 µA
Internally Organized 2048 x 8
2 Wire Serial Interface
—Bidirectional Data Transfer Protocol
Sixteen Byte Page Write Mode
—Minimizes Total Write Time Per Byte
Self Timed Write Cycle
—Typical Write Cycle Time of 5 ms
High Reliability
—Endurance: 100,000 Cycles
—Data Retention: 100 Years
8 Pin Mini-DIP, 8 Pin SOIC and 14 Pin SOIC
Packages
DESCRIPTION
The X24C16 is a CMOS 16,384 bit serial E2PROM,
internally organized 2048 X 8. The X24C16 features a
serial interface and software protocol allowing operation
on a simple two wire bus.
The X24C16 is fabricated with Xicor’s advanced CMOS
Textured Poly Floating Gate Technology.
The X24C16 utilizes Xicor’s proprietary Direct WriteTM
cell providing a minimum endurance of 100,000 cycles
and a minimum data retention of 100 years.
FUNCTIONAL DIAGRAM
(8) VCC
(4) VSS
(7) TEST
(5) SDA
START
STOP
LOGIC
START CYCLE
H.V. GENERATION
TIMING
& CONTROL
(6) SCL
(3) A2
(2) A1
(1) A0
SLAVE ADDRESS
REGISTER
+COMPARATOR
CONTROL
LOGIC
LOAD
INC
WORD
ADDRESS
COUNTER
R/W
DOUT
ACK
PIN
XDEC
E2PROM
128 X 128
YDEC
8
CK DATA REGISTER DOUT
3840 FHD F01
© Xicor, 1991 Patents Pending
3840-1.1 7/29/96 T1/C0/D0 SH
1 Characteristics subject to change without notice

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X24C16
PIN DESCRIPTIONS
Serial Clock (SCL)
The SCL input is used to clock all data into and out of the
device.
Serial Data (SDA)
SDA is a bidirectional pin used to transfer data into and
out of the device. It is an open drain output and may be
wire-ORed with any number of open drain or open
collector outputs.
An open drain output requires the use of a pull-up
resistor. For selecting typical values, refer to the Pull-Up
Resistor selection graph at the end of this data sheet.
Address (A0, A1, A2)
The A0, A1 and A2 inputs are unused by the X24C16,
however, they must be tied to VSS to insure proper
device operation.
PIN NAMES
Symbol
A0–A2
SDA
SCL
TEST
VSS
VCC
NC
Description
Address Inputs
Serial Data
Serial Clock
Hold at VSS
Ground
Supply Voltage
No Connect
3840 PGM T01
PIN CONFIGURATION
DIP/SOIC
A0
A1
A2
VSS
18
27
X24C16
36
45
VCC
TEST
SCL
SDA
3840 FHD F02
NC
A0
A1
NC
A2
VSS
NC
SOIC
1 14
2 13
3 12
4 X24C16 11
5 10
69
78
NC
VCC
TEST
NC
SCL
SDA
NC
3840 FHD F03
2

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X24C16
DEVICE OPERATION
The X24C16 supports a bidirectional bus oriented pro-
tocol. The protocol defines any device that sends data
onto the bus as a transmitter, and the receiving device
as the receiver. The device controlling the transfer is a
master and the device being controlled is the slave. The
master will always initiate data transfers, and provide
the clock for both transmit and receive operations.
Therefore, the X24C16 will be considered a slave in all
applications.
Figure 1. Data Validity
Clock and Data Conventions
Data states on the SDA line can change only during SCL
LOW. SDA state changes during SCL HIGH are re-
served for indicating start and stop conditions. Refer to
Figures 1 and 2.
Start Condition
All commands are preceded by the start condition,
which is a HIGH to LOW transition of SDA when SCL is
HIGH. The X24C16 continuously monitors the SDA and
SCL lines for the start condition and will not respond to
any command until this condition has been met.
SCL
SDA
DATA STABLE DATA
CHANGE
3840 FHD F06
3

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X24C16
Stop Condition
All communications must be terminated by a stop con-
dition, which is a LOW to HIGH transition of SDA when
SCL is HIGH. The stop condition is also used by the
X24C16 to place the device into the standby power
mode after a read sequence. A stop condition can only
be issued after the transmitting device has released the
bus.
Acknowledge
Acknowledge is a software convention used to indicate
successful data transfer. The transmitting device, either
master or slave, will release the bus after transmitting
eight bits. During the ninth clock cycle the receiver will
pull the SDA line LOW to acknowledge that it received
the eight bits of data. Refer to Figure 3.
Figure 2. Definition of Start and Stop
The X24C16 will respond with an acknowledge after
recognition of a start condition and its slave address. If
both the device and a write operation have been se-
lected, the X24C16 will respond with an acknowledge
after the receipt of each subsequent eight bit word.
In the read mode the X24C16 will transmit eight bits of
data, release the SDA line and monitor the line for an
acknowledge. If an acknowledge is detected and no
stop condition is generated by the master, the X24C16
will continue to transmit data. If an acknowledge is not
detected, the X24C16 will terminate further data trans-
missions. The master must then issue a stop condition
to return the X24C16 to the standby power mode and
place the device into a known state.
SCL
SDA
START BIT
Figure 3. Acknowledge Response From Receiver
SCL FROM
MASTER
DATA
OUTPUT
FROM
TRANSMITTER
DATA
OUTPUT
FROM
RECEIVER
START
1
STOP BIT
3840 FHD F07
89
ACKNOWLEDGE
3840 FHD F08
4

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X24C16
DEVICE ADDRESSING
Following a start condition the master must output the
address of the slave it is accessing. The most significant
four bits of the slave address are the device type identifier
(see Figure 4). For the X24C16 this is fixed as 1010[B].
Figure 4. Slave Address
DEVICE TYPE
IDENTIFIER
HIGH
ORDER
WORD
ADDRESS
1 0 1 0 A2 A1 A0 R/W
3840 FHD F09
The next three bits of the slave address field are the bank
select bits. They are used by the host to toggle between
the eight 256 x 8 banks of memory. These are, in effect,
the most significant bits for the word address.
The next three bits of the slave address are an extension
of the array’s address and are concatenated with the
Figure 5. Byte Write
eight bits of address in the word address field, providing
direct access to the whole 2048 x 8 array.
Following the start condition, the X24C16 monitors the
SDA bus comparing the slave address being transmit-
ted with its slave address (device type). Upon a correct
compare the X24C16 outputs an acknowledge on the
SDA line. Depending on the state of the R/W bit, the
X24C16 will execute a read or write operation.
WRITE OPERATIONS
Byte Write
For a write operation, the X24C16 requires a second
address field. This address field is the word address,
comprised of eight bits, providing access to any one of the
2048 words in the array. Upon receipt of the word address
the X24C16 responds with an acknowledge, and awaits
the next eight bits of data, again responding with an
acknowledge. The master then terminates the transfer by
generating a stop condition, at which time the X24C16
begins the internal write cycle to the nonvolatile memory.
While the internal write cycle is in progress the X24C16
inputs are disabled, and the device will not respond to any
requests from the master. Refer to Figure 5 for the
address, acknowledge and data transfer sequence.
S
T
BUS ACTIVITY: A
MASTER
R
T
SLAVE
ADDRESS
WORD
ADDRESS
SDA LINE
S
BUS ACTIVITY:
X24C16
AA
CC
KK
DATA
S
T
O
P
P
A
C
K
3840 FHD F10
5