The Write-Protect-Enable (WPEN) is available for the
X25160 as a nonvolatile enable bit for the WP pin.
Protected Unprotected Status
WPEN WP WEL Blocks
0 X 0 Protected Protected Protected
0 X 1 Protected Writable Writable
1 LOW 0 Protected Protected Protected
1 LOW 1 Protected Writable Protected
X HIGH 0 Protected Protected Protected
X HIGH 1 Protected Writable Writable
3064 PGM T05.1
The Write Protect (WP) pin and the nonvolatile Write
Protect Enable (WPEN) bit in the Status Register control
the programmable hardware write protect feature. Hard-
ware write protection is enabled when WP pin is LOW,
and the WPEN bit is “1”. Hardware write protection is
disabled when either the WP pin is HIGH or the WPEN
bit is “0”. When the chip is hardware write protected,
nonvolatile writes are disabled to the Status Register,
including the Block Protect bits and the WPEN bit itself,
as well as the block-protected sections in the memory
array. Only the sections of the memory array that are not
block-protected can be written.
Note: Since the WPEN bit is write protected, it
cannot be changed back to a “0”, as long as
the WP pin is held LOW.
Clock and Data Timing
Data input on the SI line is latched on the rising edge of
SCK. Data is output on the SO line by the falling edge of
When reading from the E2PROM memory array, CS is
first pulled LOW to select the device. The 8-bit READ
instruction is transmitted to the X25160, followed by the
16-bit address of which the last 11 are used. After the
READ opcode and address are sent, the data stored in
the memory at the selected address is shifted out on the
SO line. The data stored in memory at the next address
can be read sequentially by continuing to provide clock
pulses. The address is automatically incremented to the
next higher address after each byte of data is shifted out.
When the highest address is reached ($07FF) the
address counter rolls over to address $0000 allowing
the read cycle to be continued indefinitely. The read
operation is terminated by taking CS HIGH. Refer to the
read E2PROM array operation sequence illustrated in
To read the status register the CS line is first pulled LOW
to select the device followed by the 8-bit RDSR instruc-
tion. After the RDSR opcode is sent, the contents of the
status register are shifted out on the SO line. The read
status register sequence is illustrated in Figure 2.
Prior to any attempt to write data into the X25160, the
“write enable” latch must first be set by issuing the
WREN instruction (See Figure 3). CS is first taken LOW,
then the WREN instruction is clocked into the X25160.
After all eight bits of the instruction are transmitted, CS
must then be taken HIGH. If the user continues the write
operation without taking CS HIGH after issuing the
WREN instruction, the write operation will be ignored.
To write data to the E2PROM memory array, the user
issues the WRITE instruction, followed by the address
and then the data to be written. This is minimally a
thirty-two clock operation. CS must go LOW and remain
LOW for the duration of the operation. The host may
continue to write up to 32 bytes of data to the X25160.
The only restriction is the 32 bytes must reside on the
same page. If the address counter reaches the end of
the page and the clock continues, the counter will “roll
over” to the first address of the page and overwrite any
data that may have been written.
For the write operation (byte or page write) to be
completed, CS can only be brought HIGH after bit 0 of
data byte N is clocked in. If it is brought HIGH at any other
time the write operation will not be completed. Refer to
Figures 4 and 5 below for a detailed illustration of the
write sequences and time frames in which CS going
HIGH are valid.
To write to the status register, the WRSR instruction is
followed by the data to be written. Data bits 0, 1, 4, 5 and
6 must be “0”. This sequence is shown in Figure 6.
While the write is in progress following a status register or
E2PROM write sequence, the status register may be read to
check the WIP bit. During this time the WIP bit will be HIGH.
The HOLD input should be HIGH (at VIH) under normal
operation. If a data transfer is to be interrupted HOLD
can be pulled LOW to suspend the transfer until it can be
resumed. The only restriction is the SCK input must be
LOW when HOLD is first pulled LOW and SCK must also
be LOW when HOLD is released.
The HOLD input may be tied HIGH either directly to VCC
or tied to VCC through a resistor.