Read operations are initiated by both OE and CE LOW.
The read operation is terminated by either CE or OE
returning HIGH. This two line control architecture elimi-
nates bus contention in a system environment. The data
bus will be in a high impedance state when either OE or
CE is HIGH.
Write operations are initiated when both CE and WE are
LOW and OE is HIGH. The X28HT512 supports both a
CE and WE controlled write cycle. That is, the address
is latched by the falling edge of either CE or WE,
whichever occurs last. Similarly, the data is latched
internally by the rising edge of either CE or WE, which-
ever occurs first. A byte write operation, once initiated,
will automatically continue to completion, typically within
Page Write Operation
The page write feature of the X28HT512 allows the
entire memory to be written in 2.5 seconds. Page write
allows two to one hundred twenty-eight bytes of data to
be consecutively written to the X28HT512 prior to the
commencement of the internal programming cycle. The
host can fetch data from another device within the
system during a page write operation (change the source
address), but the page address (A7 through A15) for
each subsequent valid write cycle to the part during this
operation must be the same as the initial page address.
The page write mode can be initiated during any write
operation. Following the initial byte write cycle, the host
can write an additional one to one hundred twenty-
seven bytes in the same manner as the first byte was
written. Each successive byte load cycle, started by the
WE HIGH to LOW transition, must begin within 100µs of
the falling edge of the preceding WE. If a subsequent
WE HIGH to LOW transition is not detected within
100µs, the internal automatic programming cycle will
commence. There is no page write window limitation.
Effectively the page write window is infinitely wide, so
long as the host continues to access the device within
the byte load cycle time of 100µs.
HARDWARE DATA PROTECTION
The X28HT512 provides three hardware features that
protect nonvolatile data from inadvertent writes.
• Noise Protection—A WE pulse typically less than
10ns will not initiate a write cycle.
• Default VCC Sense—All write functions are inhibited
when VCC is ≤3.4V.
• Write Inhibit—Holding either OE LOW, WE HIGH,
or CE HIGH will prevent an inadvertent write cycle
during power-up and power-down, maintaining data
integrity. Write cycle timing specifications must be
Because the X28HT512 is frequently used in large
memory arrays it is provided with a two line control
architecture for both read and write operations. Proper
usage can provide the lowest possible power dissipation
and eliminate the possibility of contention where mul-
tiple I/O pins share the same bus.
It has been demonstrated that markedly higher tem-
perature performance can be obtained from this device
if CE is left enabled throughout the read and write
To gain the most benefit it is recommended that CE be
decoded from the address bus and be used as the
primary device selection input. Both OE and WE would
then be common among all devices in the array. For a
read operation this assures that all deselected devices
are in their standby mode and that only the selected
device(s) is outputting data on the bus.
Because the X28HT512 has two power modes, standby
and active, proper decoupling of the memory array is of
prime concern. Enabling CE will cause transient current
spikes. The magnitude of these spikes is dependent on
the output capacitive loading of the I/Os. Therefore, the
larger the array sharing a common bus, the larger the
transient spikes. The voltage peaks associated with the
current transients can be suppressed by the proper
selection and placement of decoupling capacitors. As a
minimum, it is recommended that a 0.1µF high fre-
quency ceramic capacitor be used between VCC and
VSS at each device. Depending on the size of the array,
the value of the capacitor may have to be larger.
In addition, it is recommended that a 4.7µF electrolytic
bulk capacitor be placed between VCC and VSS for each
eight devices employed in the array. This bulk capacitor
is employed to overcome the voltage droop caused by
the inductive effects of the PC board traces.