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PWM Power Control for DC Loads
U2352B
Description
The U2352B bipolar circuit is a PWM device for control-
ling logic level Power MOSFETs and IGBTs. It allows
simple power control for dc loads. Integrated load current
monitoring with adjustable switch-off threshold also
gives the option of measuring the load current via the
MOS transistor’s on-state resistance, RDS(on), or via a
shunt resistor.
Special Features
D Pulse width control up to 50 kHz clock frequency
D Load current monitoring via the on-state resistance,
RDS(on), of the FET or via shunt resistor (optional)
D 100 mA push-pull output stage
D Voltage monitoring
D Temperature-compensated supply voltage limitation
D Chip temperature monitoring
Applications
D Battery-operated screwdrivers
D Battery-operated machine tools
D Halogen lamp controllers
D Dimmers
D Electronic fuses
D High-performance clock generators
Package: DIP8, SO8
VS
2xI
S1
1
I
Oscillator
Chip
temperature
monitoring
140°C
Reference
voltage
Voltage
limitation 6.8 V
8
VS
2
K1
+
Output stage
logic
Time window
current measurement
QQ
SR
3–
K2
+
Load current
monitoring
4
POR
S2
7
Push-pull
output stage
6
GND
5
TELEFUNKEN Semiconductors
Rev. A1, 29-May-96
Figure 1. Block diagram
95 9670
1 (8)

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U2352B
2 (8)
Figure 2. Block diagram with typical circuit
TELEFUNKEN Semiconductors
Rev. A1, 29-May-96

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U2352B
Pin Description
Osc 1
VContr 2
ISet 3
S2OUT 4
8 VS
7 Output
6 GND
5 S2IN
95 9701
Pin Symbol
Function
1 Osc Oscillator
2 VContr Control voltage input
3 ISet Setpoint value current
monitoring
4 S2OUT Output, current switch S2
5 S2IN Input, current switch S2
6 GND Ground
7 Output Output
8 VS Supply voltage
Supply, Pin 8
Internal voltage limitation in the U2352B allows a simple
supply via a series resistor R1. This enables operation of
the circuit under different operating voltages. Supply
voltage between Pin 8 (VS) and Pin 6 (GND) builds up via
R1 and is smoothed by C1.
+ *The series resistor R1 is calculated as follows:
R1max
VBmin VSmax
Itot
where
VBmin = Minimum operating voltage
VSmax = Maximum supply voltage
Itot = ISmax + IX
ISmax = Maximum current consumption of the IS
IX = Current consumption of the external elements
Various thresholds are derived from an internal reference
voltage source.
Voltage Monitoring
During build-up and reduction of the operating voltage,
uncontrolled output pulses with excessively low ampli-
tude are suppressed by the internal monitoring circuit. All
latches are reset and the output of the load current detec-
tion Pin 4 is switched to ground.
Chip Temperature Monitoring
U2352B has integrated chip temperature monitoring
which switches off the output stage when a temperature
of approximately 140°C is reached. The device is not
enabled again until cooling has taken place and the supply
voltage has been switched off and then back on again.
Pulse Width Control, Pins 1 and 2
At the frequency-determining capacitor, Cosc, at Pin 1,
switching over of two internal current sources gives rise
to a triangular voltage which comparator, K1, compares
with the control voltage at Pin 2. If the voltage, V1, is
more negative than the control voltage V2, the output
stage is switched on via the output stage logic. When Cosc
is charged, the whole process then runs in reverse order
(see figure 3).
Load Current Monitoring, Pins 3, 4, 5
Load current can be measured with the aid of an external
shunt resistor, but this is only appropriate for decreased
loads due to additional power loss and component size
and costs. This involves the shunt voltage being fed
directly to Pin 4 via a protective resistor (see figure 5).
In order to save component costs and additional power
loss, the integrated load current monitoring allows the
load current to be directly measured via the voltage drop
at the on-state resistance, RDS(on), of the FET, without an
additional shunt resistor. The drain voltage of the FET is
supplied via an external protective resistor to Pin 5.
During the off-state of the FET, a diode clamp circuit
protects the detection input, Pin 5. In the on state, the load
current flowing through the FET generates a
corresponding voltage drop at its RDS(on), which is in turn
converted into a current at Pin 5 by the protective resistor.
This current reaches the integration element at Pin 4 via
the switch S2, which is only closed in the on-state of the
FET. If the voltage at Pin 4 exceeds the setpoint value set
at Pin 3, as a result of a high load current, the shutdown
latch is set and the output stage is blocked. To enable the
circuit again, it is necessary to switch the operating
voltage off and then back on again.
Switch-off behavior is adjusted with the resistors at Pin 4
and Pin 5 and also with the capacitor at Pin 4.
TELEFUNKEN Semiconductors
Rev. A1, 29-May-96
3 (8)

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U2352B
A time space, Dt, must be observed between switching the
output stage off and on and switching S2 (current
measurement enable switch) in order to avoid incorrect
measurement and incorrect switching-off. To create this
atibmoeutwinDdVo2w,=thaeppcoronxtriomlavtoellytag3e00V2miVs readnudctehdeinretesurnltailnlgy
voltage, V2*, is compared with the triangular voltage, V1
(see figure 3).
V
0.6 VS
V2
V2*
0.3 VS
V1
95 9672
DV2
V7
S2
closed
open Dt Dt
t
Figure 3. Signal characteristics of pulse width control with time window generation
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Reference point Pin 6, unless otherwise specified
Parameters
Power supply
current
t < 10 ms
Push-pull output stage
Output current
t < 2 ms
Input currents
Pin 8
Pin 8
Pin 7
Pin 7
Pins 4 and 5
Pins 1 and 3
Input voltages
Pins 1, 2 and 3
Storage temperature range
Junction temperature
Ambient temperature
Thermal Resistance
Symbol
IS
iS
±IO
±iO
±II
II
VI
Tstg
Tj
Tamb
Value
40
400
20
100
10
2
0 to V8
–40 to +125
+125
–10 to +100
Parameters
Junction ambient
DIP8
SO8 on PC board
SO8 on ceramic
Symbol
RthJA
Maximum
110
220
140
Unit
mA
mA
mA
V
°C
°C
°C
Unit
K/W
4 (8) TELEFUNKEN Semiconductors
Rev. A1, 29-May-96

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Electrical Characteristics
VS = 6 V, Tamb = 25_C, reference point Pin 6, unless otherwise specified
Parameters
Test Conditions / Pins Symbol Min.
Supply voltage limitation IS = 5 mA
Pin 8
VS
6.4
IS = 20 mA
6.5
Current consumption
VS = 6 V
Pin 8
IS
Voltage monitoring
Switch-on threshold
Switch-off threshold
[Oscillator
fOSC [kHz]
55
COSC [nF]
Upper threshold (0.6 VS)
Lower threshold (0.3 VS)
Charge current
Discharge current
Control voltage input
Pin 8
Pin 8
VSON
VSOFF
VS [V]
Pin 1
VTu
VTl
–Ich
Idis
5.2
4.7
3.4
1.7
26
26
Input voltage range
Input current,
Offset voltage K1
Window, current
measurement
0 V V2 V8
Pin 2
Pin 2
Pin 2–1
Pin 2–1
VI
±Ii
±–VDOVf2fs
0
260
Load current monitoring
Setpoint value input:
Input voltage range
Input current
Offset voltage K2
Load current detection:
Voltage limitation
Voltage limitation
Discharge current at POR
Switch S2
Residual voltage at closed
switch
Push-pull output stage
Pin 3
0 V V3 6 V Pin 3
Pin 4–3
I5 = 1 mA
I5 = –1 mA
Pin 5
Pin 5
Pin 4
Pin 5–4
V4
V4
V4
V4
=
=
=
=
0 V,
0.1 V,
0.3 V,
0.3 V,
I5 =
I5 =
I5 =
I5 =
50 mA
50 mA
50 mA
100 mA
Pin 7
VI
±Ii
±VOffs
VL
–VL
Idis
VSat
0
1
Upper saturation voltage
Lower saturation voltage
Output current
ON state
OFF state
I7 = –2 mA
I7 = 10 mA
t 2 ms
t 2 ms
Pin 7–8
Pin 7
–VSatu
VSatl
–io
io
100
100
U2352B
Typ. Max. Unit
6.8 7.2 V
6.9 7.3
2.7 3.5 mA
5.6 6.0 V
5.1 5.5
3.6 3.8 V
1.8 1.9 V
33 40 mA
33 40 mA
V8 V
500 nA
15 mV
300 340 mV
6V
500 nA
15 mV
2.3 V
0.7
mA
175 mV
150
125
200
1V
0.3 V
mA
TELEFUNKEN Semiconductors
Rev. A1, 29-May-96
5 (8)