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FET BIAS CONTROLLER
DRAFT ISSUE A - DECEMBER 2000
DEVICE DESCRIPTION
The ZNBR series of devices are designed to
meet the bias requirements of GaAs and
HEMT FETs commonly used in satellite
receiver LNBs, PMR, cellular telephones etc.
with a minimum of external components
and a VCC of 3-6V for improved efficiency.
With the addition of two capacitors and
resistors the devices provide drain voltage
and current control for a number of external
grounded source FETs, generating the
regulated negative rail required for FET gate
biasing whilst operating from a single
supply. This negative bias, at -3 volts, can
also be used to supply other external
circuits.
The ZNBR4000/1 and ZNBR6000/1 contain
four and six bias stages respectively. In
setting drain current the ZNBR4000/1 two
resistors allows individual FET pair control
to different levels, the ZNBR6000/1 two
resistors split control between two and four
FETs. This allows the operating current of
input FETs to be adjusted to minimise noise,
whilst the following FET stages can
separately be adjusted for maximum gain.
The series also offers the choice of drain
voltage to be set for the FETs, the
ZNBR4000/6000 gives 2.2 volts drain whilst
the ZNBR4001/6001 gives 2 volts.
FEATURES
VCC of 3-6V for improved efficiency
Provides bias for GaAs and HEMT FETs
Drives up to four or six FETs
Dynamic FET protection
Drain current set by external resistor
Regulated negative rail generator
requires only 2 external capacitors
Choice in drain voltage
Wide supply voltage range
QSOP surface mount package
ZNBR4000 ZNBR4001
ZNBR6000 ZNBR6001
These devices are unconditionally stable
over the full working temperature with the
FETs in place, subject to the inclusion of the
recommended gate and drain capacitors.
These ensure RF stability and minimal
injected noise.
It is possible to use less than the devices full
complement of FET bias controls, unused
drain and gate connections can be left open
circuit without affecting operation of the
remaining bias circuits.
In order to protect the external FETs the
circuits have been designed to ensure that,
under any conditions including power
up/down transients, the gate drive from the
bias circuits cannot exceed the range -2.5V
to 0.7V. Furthermore if the negative rail
experiences a fault condition, such as
overload or short circuit, the drain supply to
the FETs will shut down avoiding excessive
current flow.
The ZNBR4000/1 and ZNBR6000/1 are
available in QSOP16 and 20 pin packages
respectively for the minimum in devices size.
Device operating temperature is -40 to 70°C
to suit a wide range of environmental
conditions.
APPLICATIONS
Satellite receiver LNBs
Private mobile radio (PMR)
Cellular telephones
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ZNBR4000 ZNBR4001
ZNBR6000 ZNBR6001
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Supply Voltage
-0.6V to 15V
Supply Current
100mA
Drain Current (per FET)
(set by RCAL1 and RCAL2)
Output Current
0 to 15mA
100mA
Operating Temperature -40 to 70°C
Storage Temperature
-50 to 85°C
Power Dissipation (Tamb= 25°C)
QSOP16
500mW
QSOP20
650mW
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS TEST CONDITIONS (Unless otherwise stated):
Tamb= 25°C,VCC=4V,ID=10mA (RCAL1 =33k;RCAL2 =33k)
SYMBOL PARAMETER
CONDITIONS
LIMITS
UNITS
Min Typ Max
VCC Supply Voltage
ZNBR4000/6000
ZNBR4001/6001
3.5
3.0
12 V
ICC Supply Current
ZNBR4000/1
ICC Supply Current
ZNBR6000/1
VSUB
Substrate Voltage
(Internally generated)
Output Noise
END Drain Voltage
ENG Gate Voltage
fO Oscillator Freq.
DRAIN CHARACTERISTICS
ID1 to ID4=0
ID1 to ID4=10mA
ID1 to ID6=0
ID1 to ID6=10mA
ISUB= 0
ISUB= -200µA
10 mA
50 mA
15 mA
75 mA
-1.8 V
-1.8 V
CG=4.7nF, CD=10nF
CG=4.7nF, CD=10nF
0.02 Vpkpk
0.005 Vpkpk
200 350 800 kHz
ID Current
Current Change
8 10 12 mA
IDV
IDT
VD
with VCC
with Tj
Voltage
ZNBR4000, ZNGB6000
ZNBR4001, ZNBR6001
VCC=5 to 12V
Tj=-40 to +70°C
2
1.8
0.02
0.05
2.2 2.4
2 2.2
%/V
%/°C
V
V
Voltage Change
VDV
VDT
with VCC
with Tj
VCC= 5 to 12V
Tj = -40 to +70°C
0.5
50
%/V
ppm
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ZNBR4000 ZNBR4001
ZNBR6000 ZNBR6001
SYMBOL PARAMETER
CONDITIONS
LIMITS
UNITS
GATE CHARACTERISTICS
Min Typ Max
IGO Output Current Range
Output Voltage
ZNBR4000/1
-30 2000 µA
VOL Output Low
VOH Output High
Output Voltage
ZNBR6000/1
ID1 to ID4=12mA
IG1 to IG4=0
ID1 to ID4=12mA
IG1 to IG4= -10µA
ID1 to ID4= 8mA
IG1 to IG4= 0
-2.5
-2.5
0
-1.8 V
-1.8 V
1V
VOL Output Low ID1 to ID6=12mA
IG1 to IG6= 0
-2.5
ID1 to ID6=12mA
IG1 to IG6= -10µA
-2.5
VOH Output High ID1 to ID6= 8mA
IG1 to IG6= 0
0
-1.8 V
-1.8 V
1V
Notes:
1. The negative bias voltages specified are generated on-chip using an internal oscillator. Two external capacitors, CNB and CSUB, of
47nF are required for this purpose.
2. The characteristics are measured using two external reference resistors RCAL1 and RCAL2 of value 33kwired from pins RCAL1/2 to
ground. For the ZNBR4000, resistor RCAL1 sets the drain current of FETs 1 and 2, resistor RCAL2 sets the drain current of FETs 3 and 4.
For the ZNBR6000, resistor RCAL1 sets the drain current of FETs 1 and 4, resistor RCAL2 sets the drain current of FETs 2, 3, 5 and 6.
3. Noise voltage is not measured in production.
4. Noise voltage measurement is made with FETs and gate and drain capacitors in place on all outputs. CG, 4.7nF, are connected between
gate outputs and ground, CD, 10nF, are connected between drain outputs and ground.
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ZNBR4000 ZNBR4001
ZNBR6000 ZNBR6001
TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS
16
Vcc = 5V
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
0
20 40 60
80
Rcal (k)
JFET Drain Current v Rcal
100
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FUNCTIONAL DIAGRAM
ZNBR4000 ZNBR4001
ZNBR6000 ZNBR6001
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
The ZNBR devices provide all the bias requirements for external FETs, including the generation
of the negative supply required for gate biasing, from the single supply voltage.
The diagram above shows a single stage from the ZNBR series. The ZNBR4000/1 contains 4 such
stages, the ZNBR6000/1 contains 6. The negative rail generator is common to all devices.
The drain voltage of the external FET QN is set by the ZNBR device to its normal operating voltage.
This is determined by the on board VD Set reference, for the ZNBR4000/6000 this is nominally
2.2 volts whilst the ZNBR4001/6001 provides nominally 2 volts.
The drain current taken by the FET is monitored by the low value resistor ID Sense. The amplifier
driving the gate of the FET adjusts the gate voltage of QN so that the drain current taken matches
the current called for by an external resistor RCAL. Both ZNBR devices have the facility to program
different drain currents into selected FETs. Two RCAL inputs are provided. For the ZNBR4000,
resistor RCAL1 sets the drain current of FETs 1 and 2, resistor RCAL2 sets the drain current of FETs
3 and 4. For the ZNBR6000, resistor RCAL1 sets the drain current of FETs 1 and 4, resistor RCAL2
sets the drain current of FETs 2, 3, 5 and 6.
Since the FET is a depletion mode transistor, it is usually necessary to drive its gate negative with
respect to ground to obtain the required drain current. To provide this capability powered from
a single positive supply, the device includes a low current negative supply generator. This
generator uses an internal oscillator and two external capacitors, CNB and CSUB.
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