In order to clear all locations of their programmed con-
tents, the device must be exposed to an ultraviolet light
source. A dosage of 15 W seconds/cm2 is required to
completely erase the device. This dosage can be ob-
tained by exposure to an ultraviolet lamp—wavelength
of 2537 Å—with intensity of 12,000 µW/cm2 for 15 to 20
minutes. The device should be directly under and about
one inch from the source, and all filters should be re-
moved from the UV light source prior to erasure.
Note that all UV erasable devices will erase with light
sources having wavelengths shorter than 4000 Å, such
as fluorescent light and sunlight. Although the erasure
process happens over a much longer time period, ex-
posure to any light source should be prevented for
maximum system reliability. Simply cover the package
window with an opaque label or substance.
Upon delivery, or after each erasure, the device has
all of its bits in the “ONE”, or HIGH state. “ZEROs” are
loaded into the device through the programming pro-
The device enters the programming mode when 12.75
V ± 0.25 V is applied to the VPP pin, and CE#/PGM# is
at VIL and OE# is at VIH.
For programming, the data to be programmed is ap-
plied 16 bits in parallel to the data pins.
The flowchart in the Programming section (Section 5,
Figure 5-1) shows AMD’s Flashrite algorithm. The
Flashrite algorithm reduces programming time by using
a 100 µs programming pulse and by giving each address
only as many pulses to reliably program the data. After
each pulse is applied to a given address, the data in that
address is verified. If the data does not verify, additional
pulses are given until it verifies or the maximum pulses
allowed is reached. This process is repeated while se-
quencing through each address of the device. This part
of the algorithm is done at VCC = 6.25 V to assure that
each EPROM bit is programmed to a sufficiently high
threshold voltage. After the final address is completed,
the entire EPROM memory is verified at VCC = VPP =
Please refer to Section 5 for additional programming in-
formation and specifications.
Programming different data to multiple devices in par-
allel is easily accomplished. Except for CE#/PGM#, all
like inputs of the devices may be common. A TTL
low-level program pulse applied to one device’s CE#/
PGM# input with VPP = 12.75 V ± 0.25 V and OE#
HIGH will program that particular device. A high-level
CE#/PGM# input inhibits the other devices from being
A verification should be performed on the programmed
bits to determine that they were correctly programmed.
The verify should be performed with OE# at VIL, CE#/
PGM# at VIH, and VPP between 12.5 V and 13.0 V.
The autoselect mode provides manufacturer and de-
vice identification through identifier codes on DQ0–
DQ7. This mode is primarily intended for programming
equipment to automatically match a device to be pro-
grammed with its corresponding programming algo-
rithm. This mode is functional in the 25°C ± 5°C
ambient temperature range that is required when pro-
gramming the device.
To activate this mode, the programming equipment
must force VH on address line A9. Two identifier bytes
may then be sequenced from the device outputs by tog-
gling address line A0 from VIL to VIH (that is, changing
the address from 00h to 01h). All other address lines
must be held at VIL during the autoselect mode.
Byte 0 (A0 = VIL) represents the manufacturer code,
and Byte 1 (A0 = VIH), the device identifier code. Both
codes have odd parity, with DQ7 as the parity bit.
To obtain data at the device outputs, Chip Enable (CE#/
PGM#) and Output Enable (OE#) must be driven low.
CE#/PGM# controls the power to the device and is typ-
ically used to select the device. OE# enables the device
to output data, independent of device selection. Ad-
dresses must be stable for at least tACC–tOE. Refer to
the Switching Waveforms section for the timing dia-
The device enters the CMOS standby mode when
CE#/PGM# is at VCC ± 0.3 V. Maximum VCC current is
reduced to 100 µA. The device enters the TTL-standby
mode when CE#/PGM# is at VIH. Maximum VCC cur-
rent is reduced to 1.0 mA. When in either standby
mode, the device places its outputs in a high-imped-
ance state, independent of the OE# input.
To accommodate multiple memory connections, a
two-line control function provides:
s low memory power dissipation, and
s assurance that output bus contention will not occur.
CE#/PGM# should be decoded and used as the pri-
mary device-selecting function, while OE# be made a