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MAX396/MAX397
Precision, 16-Channel/Dual 8-Channel,
Low-Voltage, CMOS Analog Multiplexers
General Description
The MAX396/MAX397 low-voltage, CMOS analog
multiplexers (muxes) offer low on-resistance (100Ω max),
which is matched to within 6Ω between switches and
remains flat over the specified signal range (10Ω max).
They also offer low leakage over temperature (input
off-leakage current less than 1nA at +85°C) and fast
switching speeds (transition time less than 250ns). The
MAX396 is a 16-channel device, and the MAX397 is a
dual, 8-channel device.
The MAX396/MAX397 are fabricated with Maxim’s low-
voltage silicon-gate process. Design improvements yield
extremely low charge injection (5pC max) and guarantee
electrostatic-discharge (ESD) protection greater than
2000V per Method 3015.7
These muxes operate with a single +2.7V to +16V supply
or with ±2.7V to ±8V dual supplies, while retaining CMOS-
logic input compatibility and fast switching. The MAX396/
MAX397 are pin compatible with the industry standard
MAX306/MAX307, DG406/DG407, and DG506A/DG507A.
Functional Diagrams/Truth Tables
Benefits and Features
● Pin-Compatible with MAX306/MAX307,
DG406/DG407, DG506A/DG507A
Single-Supply Operation (+2.7V to +16V)
Dual-Supply Operation (±2.7V to ±8V)
Low On-Resistance (100Ω max)
Guaranteed RON Match Between Channels (6Ω max)
Guaranteed RON Flatness over Specified Signal Range
(10Ω max)
Guaranteed Low Charge Injection (5pC max)
Input Off-Leakage Current < 1nA at +85°C
Output Off-Leakage Current < 2.5nA at +85°C
Low Power Consumption < 10μW
● TTL/CMOS Compatible
Applications
● Sample-and-Hold Circuits ● Automatic Test Equipment
● Avionics
● Communications Systems
● Battery-Operated Equipment ● Audio Signal Routing
Low-Voltage Data Acquisition ● Industrial Process Control
Systems
V+ V- GND
NO1
NO2
NO3
NO4
NO5
NO6
NO7
NO8
NO9
NO10
NO11
NO12
NO13
NO14
NO15
NO16
CMOS DECODERS/DRIVERS
MAX396
ON
A3 A2 A1 A0 EN SWITCH
X X X X 0 NONE
0 0 00 1
1
0 0 01 1
2
0 0 10 1
3
0 0 11 1
COM 0 1 0 0 1
4
5
0 1 01 1
6
0 1 10 1
7
0 1 11 1
8
1 0 00 1
9
1 0 01 1
10
1 0 10 1
11
1 0 11 1
12
1 1 00 1
13
1 1 01 1
14
1 1 10 1
15
1 1 11 1
16
A0 A1
A2 A3 EN
MAX396 16-CHANNEL SINGLE-ENDED MULTIPLEXER
LOGIC “O” = VAL ≤ 0.8V, LOGIC “1” = VAH ≥ 2.4V
Continued at end of data sheet.
19-0404; Rev. 2; 1/16

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MAX396/MAX397
Precision, 16-Channel/Dual 8-Channel,
Low-Voltage, CMOS Analog Multiplexers
Absolute Maximum Ratings
(Voltage referenced to GND, unless otherwise noted.)
V+...........................................................................-0.3V to +17V
V- ...........................................................................+0.3V to -17V
V+ to V-..................................................................-0.3V to +17V
Voltage into Any Terminal (Note 1)............ (V- - 2V) to (V+ + 2V)
or 30mA (whichever occurs first)
Current into Any Terminal.................................................±30mA
Peak Current into Any Terminal........................................±50mA
Continuous Power Dissipation (TA = +70°C)
Plastic DIP (derate 14.29mW/°C above +70°C)........ 1143mW
Wide SO (derate 12.50mW/°C above +70°C)...........1000mW
SSOP (derate 9.52mW/°C above +70°C)....................762mW
PLCC (derate 10.53mW/°C above +70°C)..................842mW
CERDIP (derate 16.67mW/°C above +70°C)............1333mW
Operating Temperature Ranges
MAX39_C_I.........................................................0°C to +70°C
MAX39_E_I..................................................... -40°C to +85°C
MAX39_MJI................................................... -55°C to +125°C
Storage Temperature Range............................. -65°C to +150°C
Lead Temperature (soldering, 10sec).............................. +300°C
Note 1: Signals on any terminal exceeding V+ or V- are clamped by internal diodes. Limit forward current to maximum current rating.
Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional operation of the device at these
or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect
device reliability.
Electrical Characteristics—Dual Supplies
(V+ = +5V ±10%, V- = -5V ±10%, GND = 0V, VAH = VENH = 2.4V, VAL = VENL = 0.8V, TA = TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted.)
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
(Note 2)
MAX
SWITCH
Analog Signal Range
VCOM, VNO (Note 3)
Channel On-Resistance
RON INO = 1mA, VCOM = ±3.5V
On-Resistance Matching
Between Channels (Note 4)
ΔRON
INO = 1mA, VCOM = ±3.5V,
V+ = 5V, V- = -5V
On-Resistance Flatness
(Note 5)
RFLAT(ON)
INO = 1mA, VCOM = ±3V,
V+ = 5V, V- = -5V
NO Off-Leakage Current
(Note 6)
INO(OFF)
VNO = ±4.5V, VCOM = 4.5V,
V+ = 5.5V, V- = -5.5V
TA = +25°C
TA = TMIN to TMAX
TA = +25°C
TA = TMIN to TMAX
TA = +25°C
TA = TMIN to TMAX
TA = +25°C
TA = TMIN C, E
to TMAX M
V-
-0.1
-1.0
-10
60
1.8
5
0.03
V+
100
125
6
8
10
13
0.1
1.0
10
VCOM = ±4.5V,
TA = +25°C
-0.2 0.05
VNO = 4.5V,
MAX396 TA = TMIN C, E -2.5
COM Off-Leakage Current
(Note 6)
V+ = 5.5V, V- = -5.5V
ICOM(OFF) VCOM = ±4.5V,
to TMAX M
TA = +25°C
-40
-0.1 0.03
VNO = 4.5V,
MAX397 TA = TMIN C, E -2.5
V+ = 5.5V, V- = -5.5V
to TMAX M
-20
0.2
2.5
40
0.1
2.5
20
COM On-Leakage Current
(Note 6)
ICOM(ON)
VCOM = ±4.5V,
VNO = 4.5V,
TA = +25°C
-0.4 0.09
MAX396 TA = TMIN C, E
to TMAX M
-5
-60
TA = +25°C
-0.2 0.05
MAX397 TA = TMIN C, E
to TMAX M
-2.5
-30
0.4
5
60
0.2
2.5
30
UNITS
V
nA
nA
nA
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MAX396/MAX397
Precision, 16-Channel/Dual 8-Channel,
Low-Voltage, CMOS Analog Multiplexers
Electrical Characteristics —Dual Supplies (continued)
(V+ = +5V ±10%, V- = -5V ±10%, GND = 0V, VAH = VENH = 2.4V, VAL = VENL = 0.8V, TA = TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted.)
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
(Note 2)
MAX
DIGITAL LOGIC INPUT
Logic High Input Voltage
Logic Low Input Voltage
Input Current with
Input Voltage High
VAH, VENH
VAL, VENL
IAH, IENH VA = VEN = 2.4V
2.4
0.8
-0.1 0.1
Input Current with
Input Voltage Low
IAL, IENL VA = VEN = 0.8V
-0.1 0.1
SUPPLY
Power-Supply Range
±3 ±8
Positive Supply Current
I+
VEN = VA = 0V/V+,
V+ = 5.5V, V- = -5.5V
TA = +25°C
-1
1
Negative Supply Current
Ground Current
DYNAMIC
I-
IGND
VEN = VA = 0V/V+, V+ = 5.5V, V- = -5.5V
VEN = VA = 0V/V+,
V+ = 5.5V, V- = -5.5V
TA = +25°C
TA = TMIN to TMAX
-1
-1
-1
1
1
1
Transition Time
Break-Before-Make Interval
Enable Turn-On Time
tTRANS
tOPEN
tON(EN)
Figure 2
Figure 4
Figure 3
TA = +25°C
95 150
TA = TMIN to TMAX
250
TA = +25°C
5 70
TA = +25°C
100 150
TA = TMIN to TMAX
250
Enable Turn-Off Time
tOFF(EN) Figure 3
TA = +25°C
TA = TMIN to TMAX
55 150
200
Charge Injection (Note 3)
Off-Isolation (Note 7)
VCTE
VISO
CL = 100pF, VNO = 0V, Figure 5 TA = +25°C
VEN = 0V, RL = 1kΩ, f = 100kHz TA = +25°C
25
-75
Crosstalk Between
Channels
VCT
VEN = 2.4V, f = 100kHz,
VNO = 1Vp-p, RL = 1kΩ, Figure 7
TA = +25°C
-92
Logic Input Capacitance
NO Off-Capacitance
COM Off-Capacitance
CIN f = 1MHz
TA = +25°C
CNO(OFF) f = 1MHz, VEN = VCOM = 0V
TA = +25°C
CCOM(OFF)
f = 1MHz,
VEN = VCOM = 0V
MAX396
MAX397 TA = +25°C
8
11
80
40
COM On-Capacitance
CCOM(ON)
f = 1MHz,
VEN = VCOM = 0V
MAX396
MAX397 TA = +25°C
90
68
UNITS
V
V
µA
µA
V
µA
µA
µA
ns
ns
ns
ns
pC
dB
dB
pF
pF
pF
pF
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MAX396/MAX397
Precision, 16-Channel/Dual 8-Channel,
Low-Voltage, CMOS Analog Multiplexers
Electrical Characteristics—Single +5V Supply
(V+ = +5V ±10%, V- = 0V, GND = 0V, VAH = VENH = 2.4V, VAL = VENL = 0.8V, TA = TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted.)
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
CONDITIONS
SWITCH
Analog Signal Range
On-Resistance
VCOM, VNO (Note 3)
RON
INO = 1mA, VCOM = 3.5V,
V+ = 4.5V
On-Resistance Matching
Between Channels (Note 4)
ΔRON
INO = 1mA, VCOM = 3.5V,
V+ = 4.5V
On-Resistance Flatness
RFLAT
INO = 1mA, VCOM = 3V, 2V, 1V;
V+ = 5V
NO Off-Leakage Current
(Note 8)
INO(OFF)
VNO = 4.5V, VCOM = 0V,
V+ = 5.5V
TA = +25°C
TA = TMIN to TMAX
TA = +25°C
TA = TMIN to TMAX
TA = +25°C
TA = TMIN to TMAX
TA = +25°C
TA = TMIN C, E
to TMAX M
COM Off-Leakage Current
(Note 8)
VCOM = 4.5V,
VNO = 0V,
V+ = 5.5V
ICOM(OFF) VCOM = 4.5V,
VNO = 0V,
V+ = 5.5V
TA = +25°C
MAX396 TA = TMIN C, E
to TMAX M
TA = +25°C
MAX397 TA = TMIN C, E
to TMAX M
COM On-Leakage Current
(Note 6)
VCOM = 4.5V,
ICOM(ON) VNO = 4.5V,
V+ = 5.5V
TA = +25°C
MAX396 TA = TMIN C, E
to TMAX M
TA = +25°C
MAX397 TA = TMIN C, E
to TMAX M
DIGITAL LOGIC INPUT
Logic High Input Voltage
Logic Low Input Voltage
VAH, VENH
VAL, VENL
Input Current with
Input Voltage High
IAH, IENH VA = VEN = 2.4V
Input Current with
Input Voltage Low
IAL, IENL VA =0V, VEN = 0.8V
SUPPLY
Power-Supply Range
Positive Supply Current
Negative Supply Current
Ground Current
I+
I-
IGND
VEN = VA = 0V, V+; V+ = 5.5V; V- = 0V
VEN = VA = 0V, V+; V+ = 5.5V; V- = 0V
VEN = V+, 0V; VA = 0V;
V+ = 5.5V; V- = 0V
TA = +25°C
TA = TMIN to TMAX
MIN
TYP
(Note 2)
V-
120
2
5
-0.1 0.03
-1.0
-10
-0.2 0.05
-2.5
-40
-0.2 0.02
-2.5
-20
-0.4 0.09
-5
-60
-0.2 0.04
-2.5
-30
2.4
-0.1 0.001
-0.1 0.001
2.7
-1.0 0.06
-1.0 0.08
-1.0 0.08
-1.0
MAX
V+
225
280
10
12
16
20
0.1
1.0
10
0.2
2.5
40
0.2
2.5
20
0.4
5
60
0.2
2.5
30
0.8
0.1
0.1
15
1.0
1.0
1.0
1.0
UNITS
V
nA
nA
nA
V
V
µA
µA
V
µA
µA
µA
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MAX396/MAX397
Precision, 16-Channel/Dual 8-Channel,
Low-Voltage, CMOS Analog Multiplexers
Electrical Characteristics —Single +5V Supply (continued)
(V+ = +5V ±10%, V- = 0V, GND = 0V, VAH = VENH = 2.4V, VAL = VENL = 0.8V, TA = TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted.)
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
CONDITIONS
DYNAMIC
Transition Time (Note 3)
tTRANS VNO = 3V, Figure 2
Break-Before-Make Interval
Enable Turn-On Time
(Note 3)
Enable Turn-Off Time
(Note 3)
Charge Injection (Note 3)
tOPEN
tON(EN)
tOFF(EN)
VCTE
(Note 3)
CL = 100pF, VNO = 0V,
Figure 5
TA = +25°C
TA = TMIN to TMAX
TA = +25°C
TA = +25°C
TA = TMIN to TMAX
TA = +25°C
TA = TMIN to TMAX
TA = +25°C
MIN
TYP
(Note 2)
105
10 65
125
100
1.5
MAX
245
350
200
275
125
200
5
UNITS
ns
ns
ns
ns
pC
Electrical Characteristics—Single +3V Supply
(V+ = +3V ±10%, V- = 0V, GND = 0V, VAH = VENH = 2.4V, VAL = VENL = 0.8V, TA = TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted.)
PARAMETER
SWITCH
Analog Signal Range
On-Resistance
DYNAMIC
Transition Time (Note 3)
Enable Turn-On Time
(Note 3)
Enable Turn-Off Time
(Note 3)
Charge Injection (Note 3)
SYMBOL
CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
(Note 2)
MAX
VANALOG
RON
(Note 3)
INO = 1mA, VCOM = 1.5V,
V+ = 3V
tTRANS
tON(EN)
tOFF(EN)
VCTE
Figure 2, VIN = 2.4V,
VN01 = 1.5V, VN08 = 0V
Figure 3, VINH = 2.4V,
VINL = 0V, VN01 = 1.5V
Figure 3, VINH = 2.4V,
VINL = 0V, VN01 = 1.5V
CL = 100pF, VNO = 0V,
Figure 5
V- V+
TA = +25°C
TA = TMIN to TMAX
315 550
650
TA = +25°C
TA = TMIN to TMAX
TA = +25°C
230 575
750
260 500
TA = +25°C
135 400
TA = +25°C
15
UNITS
V
ns
ns
ns
pC
Note 2: The algebraic convention, where the most negative value is a minimum and the most positive value a maximum, is used in
this data sheet.
Note 3: Guaranteed by design.
Note 4: RON = RON(MAX) - RON(MIN).
Note 5: Flatness is defined as the difference between the maximum and minimum value of on-resistance as measured over the
specified analog signal ranges, i.e., VNO = 3V to 0V and 0V to -3V.
Note 6: Leakage parameters are 100% tested at maximum rated hot operating temperature, and guaranteed by correlation at +25°C.
Note 7: Worst-case isolation is on channel 4 because of its proximity to the COM pin. Off-isolation = 20log VCOM/VNO, VCOM = output,
VNO = input to off switch.
Note 8: Leakage testing at single supply is guaranteed by correlation testing with dual supplies.
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