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PIC16F818/819
Data Sheet
18/20-Pin
Enhanced Flash Microcontrollers
with nanoWatt Technology
2004 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39598E

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Note the following details of the code protection feature on Microchip devices:
• Microchip products meet the specification contained in their particular Microchip Data Sheet.
• Microchip believes that its family of products is one of the most secure families of its kind on the market today, when used in the
intended manner and under normal conditions.
• There are dishonest and possibly illegal methods used to breach the code protection feature. All of these methods, to our
knowledge, require using the Microchip products in a manner outside the operating specifications contained in Microchip’s Data
Sheets. Most likely, the person doing so is engaged in theft of intellectual property.
• Microchip is willing to work with the customer who is concerned about the integrity of their code.
• Neither Microchip nor any other semiconductor manufacturer can guarantee the security of their code. Code protection does not
mean that we are guaranteeing the product as “unbreakable.”
Code protection is constantly evolving. We at Microchip are committed to continuously improving the code protection features of our
products. Attempts to break Microchip’s code protection feature may be a violation of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act. If such acts
allow unauthorized access to your software or other copyrighted work, you may have a right to sue for relief under that Act.
Information contained in this publication regarding device
applications and the like is provided only for your convenience
and may be superseded by updates. It is your responsibility to
ensure that your application meets with your specifications.
MICROCHIP MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WAR-
RANTIES OF ANY KIND WHETHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED,
WRITTEN OR ORAL, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE,
RELATED TO THE INFORMATION, INCLUDING BUT NOT
LIMITED TO ITS CONDITION, QUALITY, PERFORMANCE,
MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR PURPOSE.
Microchip disclaims all liability arising from this information and
its use. Use of Microchip’s products as critical components in
life support systems is not authorized except with express
written approval by Microchip. No licenses are conveyed,
implicitly or otherwise, under any Microchip intellectual property
rights.
Trademarks
The Microchip name and logo, the Microchip logo, Accuron,
dsPIC, KEELOQ, microID, MPLAB, PIC, PICmicro, PICSTART,
PRO MATE, PowerSmart, rfPIC, and SmartShunt are
registered trademarks of Microchip Technology Incorporated
in the U.S.A. and other countries.
AmpLab, FilterLab, MXDEV, MXLAB, PICMASTER, SEEVAL,
SmartSensor and The Embedded Control Solutions Company
are registered trademarks of Microchip Technology
Incorporated in the U.S.A.
Analog-for-the-Digital Age, Application Maestro, dsPICDEM,
dsPICDEM.net, dsPICworks, ECAN, ECONOMONITOR,
FanSense, FlexROM, fuzzyLAB, In-Circuit Serial
Programming, ICSP, ICEPIC, Migratable Memory, MPASM,
MPLIB, MPLINK, MPSIM, PICkit, PICDEM, PICDEM.net,
PICLAB, PICtail, PowerCal, PowerInfo, PowerMate,
PowerTool, rfLAB, rfPICDEM, Select Mode, Smart Serial,
SmartTel and Total Endurance are trademarks of Microchip
Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. and other countries.
SQTP is a service mark of Microchip Technology Incorporated
in the U.S.A.
All other trademarks mentioned herein are property of their
respective companies.
© 2004, Microchip Technology Incorporated, Printed in the
U.S.A., All Rights Reserved.
Printed on recycled paper.
DS39598E-page ii
Microchip received ISO/TS-16949:2002 quality system certification for
its worldwide headquarters, design and wafer fabrication facilities in
Chandler and Tempe, Arizona and Mountain View, California in
October 2003. The Company’s quality system processes and
procedures are for its PICmicro® 8-bit MCUs, KEELOQ® code hopping
devices, Serial EEPROMs, microperipherals, nonvolatile memory and
analog products. In addition, Microchip’s quality system for the design
and manufacture of development systems is ISO 9001:2000 certified.
2004 Microchip Technology Inc.

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PIC16F818/819
18/20-Pin Enhanced Flash Microcontrollers
with nanoWatt Technology
Low-Power Features:
• Power-Managed modes:
- Primary Run: XT, RC oscillator,
87 µA, 1 MHz, 2V
- INTRC: 7 µA, 31.25 kHz, 2V
- Sleep: 0.2 µA, 2V
• Timer1 oscillator: 1.8 µA, 32 kHz, 2V
• Watchdog Timer: 0.7 µA, 2V
• Wide operating voltage range:
- Industrial: 2.0V to 5.5V
Oscillators:
• Three Crystal modes:
- LP, XT, HS: up to 20 MHz
• Two External RC modes
• One External Clock mode:
- ECIO: up to 20 MHz
• Internal oscillator block:
- 8 user selectable frequencies: 31 kHz, 125 kHz,
250 kHz, 500 kHz, 1 MHz, 2 MHz, 4 MHz, 8 MHz
Peripheral Features:
• 16 I/O pins with individual direction control
• High sink/source current: 25 mA
• Timer0: 8-bit timer/counter with 8-bit prescaler
• Timer1: 16-bit timer/counter with prescaler, can be
incremented during Sleep via external crystal/clock
• Timer2: 8-bit timer/counter with 8-bit period
register, prescaler and postscaler
• Capture, Compare, PWM (CCP) module:
- Capture is 16-bit, max. resolution is 12.5 ns
- Compare is 16-bit, max. resolution is 200 ns
- PWM max. resolution is 10-bit
• 10-bit, 5-channel Analog-to-Digital converter
• Synchronous Serial Port (SSP) with
SPI™ (Master/Slave) and I2C™ (Slave)
Pin Diagram
18-Pin PDIP, SOIC
RA2/AN2/VREF-
RA3/AN3/VREF+
RA4/AN4/T0CKI
RA5/MCLR/VPP
VSS
RB0/INT
RB1/SDI/SDA
RB2/SDO/CCP1
RB3/CCP1/PGM
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
RA1/AN1
RA0/AN0
RA7/OSC1/CLKI
RA6/OSC2/CLKO
VDD
RB7/T1OSI/PGD
RB6/T1OSO/T1CKI/PGC
RB5/SS
RB4/SCK/SCL
Special Microcontroller Features:
• 100,000 erase/write cycles Enhanced Flash
program memory typical
• 1,000,000 typical erase/write cycles EEPROM
data memory typical
• EEPROM Data Retention: > 40 years
• In-Circuit Serial ProgrammingTM (ICSPTM) via two pins
• Processor read/write access to program memory
• Low-Voltage Programming
• In-Circuit Debugging via two pins
Device
PIC16F818
PIC16F819
Program Memory
Flash # Single-Word
(Bytes) Instructions
Data Memory
SRAM EEPROM I/O Pins
(Bytes) (Bytes)
10-bit
A/D (ch)
1792
3584
1024
2048
128 128
256 256
16
16
5
5
CCP
(PWM)
1
1
SSP
SPI™
Slave
I2C™
Timers
8/16-bit
YY
YY
2/1
2/1
2004 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39598E-page 1

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Pin Diagrams
18-Pin PDIP, SOIC
RA2/AN2/VREF-
RA3/AN3/VREF+
RA4/AN4/T0CKI
RA5/MCLR/VPP
VSS
RB0/INT
RB1/SDI/SDA
RB2/SDO/CCP1
RB3/CCP1/PGM
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
18 RA1/AN1
17 RA0/AN0
16 RA7/OSC1/CLKI
15 RA6/OSC2/CLKO
14 VDD
13 RB7/T1OSI/PGD
12 RB6/T1OSO/T1CKI/PGC
11 RB5/SS
10 RB4/SCK/SCL
20-Pin SSOP
RA2/AN2/VREF-
RA3/AN3/VREF+
RA4/AN4/T0CKI
RA5/MCLR/VPP
VSS
VSS
RB0/INT
RB1/SDI/SDA
RB2/SDO/CCP1
RB3/CCP1/PGM
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
RA1/AN1
RA0/AN0
RA7/OSC1/CLKI
RA6/OSC2/CLKO
VDD
VDD
RB7/T1OSI/PGD
RB6/T1OSO/T1CKI/PGC
RB5/SS
RB4/SCK/SCL
28-Pin QFN
RA5/MCLR/VPP
NC
VSS
NC
VSS
NC
RB0/INT
1 21
2 20
3 19
4 PIC16F818/819 18
5 17
6 16
7 15
RA7/OSC1/CLKI
RA6/OSC2/CLKO
VDD
NC
VDD
RB7/T1OSI/PGD
RB6/T1OSO/T1CKI/PGC
DS39598E-page 2
2004 Microchip Technology Inc.

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PIC16F818/819
Table of Contents
1.0 Device Overview .......................................................................................................................................................................... 5
2.0 Memory Organization ................................................................................................................................................................... 9
3.0 Data EEPROM and Flash Program Memory.............................................................................................................................. 25
4.0 Oscillator Configurations ............................................................................................................................................................ 33
5.0 I/O Ports ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 39
6.0 Timer0 Module ........................................................................................................................................................................... 53
7.0 Timer1 Module ........................................................................................................................................................................... 57
8.0 Timer2 Module ........................................................................................................................................................................... 63
9.0 Capture/Compare/PWM (CCP) Module ..................................................................................................................................... 65
10.0 Synchronous Serial Port (SSP) Module ..................................................................................................................................... 71
11.0 Analog-to-Digital Converter (A/D) Module.................................................................................................................................. 81
12.0 Special Features of the CPU...................................................................................................................................................... 89
13.0 Instruction Set Summary .......................................................................................................................................................... 103
14.0 Development Support............................................................................................................................................................... 111
15.0 Electrical Characteristics .......................................................................................................................................................... 117
16.0 DC and AC Characteristics Graphs and Tables....................................................................................................................... 143
17.0 Packaging Information.............................................................................................................................................................. 157
Appendix A: Revision History............................................................................................................................................................. 163
Appendix B: Device Differences ........................................................................................................................................................ 163
Index .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 165
On-Line Support................................................................................................................................................................................. 171
Systems Information and Upgrade Hot Line ...................................................................................................................................... 171
Reader Response .............................................................................................................................................................................. 172
PIC16F818/819 Product Identification System .................................................................................................................................. 173
TO OUR VALUED CUSTOMERS
It is our intention to provide our valued customers with the best documentation possible to ensure successful use of your Microchip
products. To this end, we will continue to improve our publications to better suit your needs. Our publications will be refined and
enhanced as new volumes and updates are introduced.
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http://www.microchip.com
You can determine the version of a data sheet by examining its literature number found on the bottom outside corner of any page.
The last character of the literature number is the version number, (e.g., DS30000A is version A of document DS30000).
Errata
An errata sheet, describing minor operational differences from the data sheet and recommended workarounds, may exist for current
devices. As device/documentation issues become known to us, we will publish an errata sheet. The errata will specify the revision
of silicon and revision of document to which it applies.
To determine if an errata sheet exists for a particular device, please check with one of the following:
• Microchip’s Worldwide Web site; http://www.microchip.com
• Your local Microchip sales office (see last page)
When contacting a sales office, please specify which device, revision of silicon and data sheet (include literature number) you are
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2004 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS39598E-page 3