3. Functional Description
3.1 Supply Pin (VS)
The LIN operating voltage is VS = 5V to 18V. An undervoltage detection is implemented to dis-
able transmission if VS falls below 5V in order to avoid false bus messages. After switching on
VS, the IC starts with the Pre Normal Mode and the voltage regulator is switched on (that is,
5V/50 mA output capability).
The supply current in Sleep Mode is typically 10 µA, and 40 µA in Silent Mode.
3.2 Ground Pin (GND)
The IC is neutral on the LIN pin in case of GND disconnection; it can handle a ground shift up to
3V for supply voltage at the VS pin above 9V.
3.3 Voltage Regulator Output Pin (VCC)
The internal 5V voltage regulator is capable of driving loads with up to 50 mA of current con-
sumption; it is able to supply the microcontroller and other ICs on the PCB. It is protected
against overloads by means of current limitation and overtemperature shutdown. Furthermore,
the output voltage is monitored and will cause a reset signal at the NRES output pin if the output
voltage drops below a defined threshold Vthun. To boost up the maximum load current, an exter-
nal NPN transistor may be used with its base connected to the VCC pin and its emitter
connected to PVCC.
3.4 Voltage Regulator Sense Pin (PVCC)
This is the sense input pin of the 5V voltage regulator. For normal applications (that is, when
only using the internal output transistor), this pin is connected to the VCC pin. If an external
boosting transistor is used, the PVCC pin must be connected to the output of this transistor, its
3.5 Bus Pin (LIN)
A low side driver with internal current limitation and thermal shutdown, and an internal pull-up
resistor in compliance with LIN specification 2.0 is implemented. This is a self-adapting current
limitation; that is, during current limitation, as the chip temperature increases, the current
decreases. The allowed voltage range is between –40V and +60V. Reverse currents from the
LIN bus to VS are suppressed, even in case of ground shifts or battery disconnection. LIN
receiver thresholds are compatible to the LIN protocol specification. The fall time from recessive
bus state to dominant, and the rise time from dominant bus state to recessive are slope
3.6 Input Pin (TXD)
This pin is the microcontroller interface to control the state of the LIN output. TXD must be pulled
to ground in order to have the LIN bus low. If TXD is high, the LIN output transistor is turned off
and the bus is in the recessive state, pulled up by the internal resistor.