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U210B1
Phase Control Circuit–Load Current Feedback Applications
Description
The interated circuit, U210B1, is designed as a phase-
control circuit for load-current feedback application in
bipolar technology. To realize motor control systems, it
has integrated load current detection, voltage monitoring
and soft-start functions. The voltage obtained due to load
current proportionality, can be used according to the
application i.e., load-current compensation or load-
current regulation.
Features
D Externally controlled integrated amplifier
D Variable soft start
D Automatic retriggering
D Voltage and current synchronization
D Triggering pulse typ. 125 mA
D Internal supply voltage monitoring
D Temperature constant reference source
D Current requirement 3 mA
Package: DIP14
14 1
Voltage Current
detector detector
Automatic
retriggering
Control
8 + amplifier
7–
Phase
control unit
ö = f (V12)
Load
current
detection
12 11
9
TELEFUNKEN Semiconductors
Rev. A1, 28-May-96
Soft start
10
Figure 1. Block diagram
Output
pulse
Supply
voltage
limitation
Reference
voltage
Voltage
monitoring
4
5
6
3
–VS
2
GND
13
95 10686
1 (12)

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U210B1
Figure 2. Block diagram with external circuitry Open loop control with load current compensation
2 (12)
TELEFUNKEN Semiconductors
Rev. A1, 28-May-96

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U210B1
Description
Mains Supply
The U210B1 is fitted with voltage limiting and can there-
ăfore be supplied directly from the mains. The supply
voltage between Pin 2 (+pol/ ) and Pin 3 builds up
across D1 and R1 and is smoothed by C1. The vaIue of the
series resistance can be approximated using:
VM–VS
R1=
2 IS
Further information regarding the design of the mains
supply can be found in the data sheets in the appendix.
The reference voltage source on Pin 13 of typ. –8.9 V is
derived from the supply voltage. It represents the refer-
ence level of the control unit.
Operation using an externally stabiIised dc voltage is not
recommended.
If the supply cannot be taken directly from the mains be-
cause the power dissipation in R1 would be too large, then
the circuit shown in the following figure 3 should be
employed.
~
24 V~
12345
When the potential on Pin 6 reaches the nominal value
predetermined at Pin 9, then a trigger pulse is generated
whose width tp is determined by the value of C2 (the value
of C2 and hence the pulse width can be evaluated by
assuming 8 m s/nF). At the same time, a latch is set, so that
as long as the automatic retriggering has not been
activated, then no more pulses can be generated in that
half cycle.
The current sensor on Pin 1 ensures that, for operation
with inductive loads, no pulse will be generated in a new
half cycle as long as current from the previous half cycle
is still flowing in the opposite direction to the supply volt-
age at that instant. This makes sure that “Gaps” in the load
current are prevented.
The control signal on Pin 9 can be in the range 0 V to –7 V
(reference point Pin 2).
If V9 = –7 V then the phase angle is at maximum = a max
i .e. the current flow angle is a minimum. The minimum
phase angle a min is when V9 = V2.
Voltage Monitoring
As the voltage is built up, uncontrolled output pulses are
avoided by internal voltage surveillance. At the same
time, all of the latches in the circuit (phase control, soft
start) are reset and the soft-start capacitor is short cir-
cuited. Used with a switching hysteresis of 300 mV, this
system guarantees defined start-up behaviour each time
the supply voltage is switched on or after short interrup-
tions of the mains supply.
R1 C1
95 10362
Figure 3. Supply voltage for high current requirements
Phase Control
The function of the phase control is largely identical to
that of the well known component TEA1007. The phase
angle of the trigger pulse is derived by comparing the
ramp voltage, which is mains synchronized by the voltage
detector, with the set value on the control input Pin 9. The
slope of the ramp is determined by C2 and its charging
current. The charging current can be varied using R2 on
Pin 5. The maximum phase angle a max can also be
adjusted using R2.
Soft-Start
As soon as the supply voltage builds up (t1), the integrated
soft-start is initiated. The figure below shows the
behavior of the voltage across the soft-start capacitor and
is identical with the voltage on the phase control input on
Pin 9. This behaviour allows a gentle start-up for the
motor.
C4 is first charged with typ. 30 m A. The charging current
then increases as the voltage across C4 increases giving a
progressively rising charging function with more and
more strongly accelerates the motor with increasing rota-
tional speed. The charging function determines the
acceleration up to the set point. The charging current can
have a maximum value of 85 m A.
TELEFUNKEN Semiconductors
Rev. A1, 28-May-96
3 (12)

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U210B1
96 11565
Pulse Output Stage
V10
The pulse output stage is short circuit protected and can
V9 typically deliver currents of 125 mA. For the design of
smaller triggering currents, the function IGT = f (RGT) has
been given in the data sheets in the appendix. In contrast
to the TEA1007, the pulse output stage of the U210B1 has
no gate bypass resistor.
Automatic Retriggering
t1 t2
ttot
The automatic retriggering prevents half cycles without
current flow, even if the triac is turned off earlier e.g., due
to not exactly centred collector (brush lifter) or in the
t event of unsuccessful triggering. After a time lapse of
tpp = 4.5 tp is generated another triggering pulse which is
repeated until either the triac fires or the half cycle
finishes.
General Hints and Explanation of Terms
Figure 4. Soft–start
To ensure safe and trouble-free operation, the following
points should be taken into consideration when circuits
are being constructed or in the design of printed boards.
t1 = build-up of supply voltage
t2 = run-up time
ttot = total start-up time to required speed
Control Amplifier
The integrated control amplifier with differential input
has a bipolar current output, with typically ±110 m A at
Pin 9 and a transmittance of typ. 1000 m A/V. The amplifi-
cation and frequency response are determined by external
circuit. For operation as a power control, it should be con-
nected with Pin 7. Phase angle of the firing pulse can be
adjusted by using the voltage at Pin 8. An internal limiting
circuit prevents the voltage on Pin 9 becoming more
negative than V13 + 1 V.
D The connecting lines from C2 to Pin 6 and Pin 2 should
be as short as possible, and the connection to Pin 2
should not carry any additional high current such as
the load current. When selecting C2, a low tempera-
ture coefficient is desirable.
V
Mains
Supply
95 10716
p /2 p 3/2p 2p
VGT
Trigger
Pulse
tp tpp = 4.5 tp
Load Current Detection, Figure 2
Voltage drop across R8, dependent of load current, gener-
ates an input-current at Pin 11 limited by R5. Proportional
output current of 0.44 x I11 (CTR) is available at Pin 12.
It is proportional with respect to phase and amplitude of
load current.
Capacitor C3 integrates the current whereas resistor R7
evaluates it. The voltage obtained due to load current
proportionality, can be used according to the application
i.e., load current compensation or load current regulation.
VL
Load
Voltage
IL
Load
Current
ö
F
Figure 5. Explanation of terms in phase relationship
4 (12)
TELEFUNKEN Semiconductors
Rev. A1, 28-May-96

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U210B1
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Reference point Pin 2, unless otherwise specified
Parameters
Current requirement
Pin 3
Synchronisation current
t 10 m s
t 10 m s
t 10 m s
Pin 1
Pin 14
Pin 1
Pin 14
Load current monitoring
Input current
t 10 m s
Phase control
Input voltage
Input current
Soft–start
Input voltage
Pulse output
Reverse voltage
Amplifier
Input voltage
Reference voltage source
Output current
Storage temperature range
Junction temperature
Ambient temperature range
Pin 11
Pin 11
Pin 9
Pin 9
Pin 5
Pin 10
Pin 4
Pin 8
Pin 7
Pin 13
Thermal Resistance
Junction ambient
Parameters
DIP14
Symbol
–IS
–is
–Isync.I
–Isync.V
"–iI
iv
–II
–II
"–VI
II
–II
–VI
Vo
VI
–VI
Io
Tstg
Tj
Tamb
Symbol
RthJA
Value
30
100
5
5
35
35
2
5
0 to 7
500
1
Vj 13j to 0
VS to 5
0 to VS
Vj 13j to 0
7.5
–40 to +125
125
–10 to +100
Value
120
Unit
mA
mA
mA
V
mA
mA
V
V
V
mA
°C
°C
°C
Unit
K/W
Electrical Characteristics
–Vs = 13 V, Tamb = 25°C, reference point Pin 2, unless otherwise specified
Parameters
Supply voltage for mains
operations
Supply voltage limitation
DC supply current
Reference voltage source
Temperature coefficient
Voltage monitoring
Turn-on threshold
Turn-off threshold
Test Conditions / Pins
Pin 3
Symbol
–VS
–IS = 3 mA
–IS = 30 mA
–VS =13 V
–IL = 10 m A
–IL = 5 mA
Pin 3
–VS
Pin 3
Pin 13
–IS
–VRef
Pin 13 –TCVRef
Pin 3
Pin 3
–VSON
–VSOFF
Min.
13.0
14.6
14.7
1.2
8.6
8.3
9.9
TELEFUNKEN Semiconductors
Rev. A1, 28-May-96
Typ. Max. Unit
VLimit
V
16.6 V
16.8
2.5 3.0 mA
8.9 9.2
9.1
V
0.5 mV/K
11.2 13.0
10.9
V
V
5 (12)