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Preliminary User’s Manual
78K0/KD2
8-Bit Single-Chip Microcontrollers
µPD78F0521
µPD78F0522
µPD78F0523
µPD78F0524
µPD78F0525
µPD78F0526
µPD78F0527
µPD78F0527D
The µPD78F0527D has an on-chip debug function.
Do not use this product for mass production because its reliability cannot be guaranteed after the on-chip debug function
has been used, due to issues with respect to the number of times the flash memory can be rewritten. NEC Electronics
does not accept complaints concerning this product.
Document No. U17312EJ2V1UD00 (2nd edition)
Date Published August 2005 NS CP(K)
Printed in Japan
2005
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[MEMO]
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NOTES FOR CMOS DEVICES
1 VOLTAGE APPLICATION WAVEFORM AT INPUT PIN
Waveform distortion due to input noise or a reflected wave may cause malfunction. If the input of the
CMOS device stays in the area between VIL (MAX) and VIH (MIN) due to noise, etc., the device may
malfunction. Take care to prevent chattering noise from entering the device when the input level is fixed,
and also in the transition period when the input level passes through the area between VIL (MAX) and
VIH (MIN).
2 HANDLING OF UNUSED INPUT PINS
Unconnected CMOS device inputs can be cause of malfunction. If an input pin is unconnected, it is
possible that an internal input level may be generated due to noise, etc., causing malfunction. CMOS
devices behave differently than Bipolar or NMOS devices. Input levels of CMOS devices must be fixed
high or low by using pull-up or pull-down circuitry. Each unused pin should be connected to VDD or GND
via a resistor if there is a possibility that it will be an output pin. All handling related to unused pins must
be judged separately for each device and according to related specifications governing the device.
3 PRECAUTION AGAINST ESD
A strong electric field, when exposed to a MOS device, can cause destruction of the gate oxide and
ultimately degrade the device operation. Steps must be taken to stop generation of static electricity as
much as possible, and quickly dissipate it when it has occurred. Environmental control must be
adequate. When it is dry, a humidifier should be used. It is recommended to avoid using insulators that
easily build up static electricity. Semiconductor devices must be stored and transported in an anti-static
container, static shielding bag or conductive material. All test and measurement tools including work
benches and floors should be grounded. The operator should be grounded using a wrist strap.
Semiconductor devices must not be touched with bare hands. Similar precautions need to be taken for
PW boards with mounted semiconductor devices.
4 STATUS BEFORE INITIALIZATION
Power-on does not necessarily define the initial status of a MOS device. Immediately after the power
source is turned ON, devices with reset functions have not yet been initialized. Hence, power-on does
not guarantee output pin levels, I/O settings or contents of registers. A device is not initialized until the
reset signal is received. A reset operation must be executed immediately after power-on for devices
with reset functions.
5 POWER ON/OFF SEQUENCE
In the case of a device that uses different power supplies for the internal operation and external
interface, as a rule, switch on the external power supply after switching on the internal power supply.
When switching the power supply off, as a rule, switch off the external power supply and then the
internal power supply. Use of the reverse power on/off sequences may result in the application of an
overvoltage to the internal elements of the device, causing malfunction and degradation of internal
elements due to the passage of an abnormal current.
The correct power on/off sequence must be judged separately for each device and according to related
specifications governing the device.
6 INPUT OF SIGNAL DURING POWER OFF STATE
Do not input signals or an I/O pull-up power supply while the device is not powered. The current
injection that results from input of such a signal or I/O pull-up power supply may cause malfunction and
the abnormal current that passes in the device at this time may cause degradation of internal elements.
Input of signals during the power off state must be judged separately for each device and according to
related specifications governing the device.
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EEPROM is a trademark of NEC Electronics Corporation.
Windows and Windows NT are registered trademarks or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United
States and/or other countries.
PC/AT is a trademark of International Business Machines Corporation.
HP9000 series 700 and HP-UX are trademarks of Hewlett-Packard Company.
SPARCstation is a trademark of SPARC International, Inc.
Solaris and SunOS are trademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc.
SuperFlashis a registered trademark of Silicon Storage Technology, Inc. in several countries including the
United States and Japan.
Caution: This product uses SuperFlash® technology licensed from Silicon Storage Technology, Inc.
The information contained in this document is being issued in advance of the production cycle for the
product. The parameters for the product may change before final production or NEC Electronics
Corporation, at its own discretion, may withdraw the product prior to its production.
Not all products and/or types are available in every country. Please check with an NEC Electronics sales
representative for availability and additional information.
No part of this document may be copied or reproduced in any form or by any means without the prior written consent
of NEC Electronics. NEC Electronics assumes no responsibility for any errors that may appear in this document.
NEC Electronics does not assume any liability for infringement of patents, copyrights or other intellectual property
rights of third parties by or arising from the use of NEC Electronics products listed in this document or any other
liability arising from the use of such products. No license, express, implied or otherwise, is granted under any
patents, copyrights or other intellectual property rights of NEC Electronics or others.
Descriptions of circuits, software and other related information in this document are provided for illustrative purposes
in semiconductor product operation and application examples. The incorporation of these circuits, software and
information in the design of a customer's equipment shall be done under the full responsibility of the customer. NEC
Electronics assumes no responsibility for any losses incurred by customers or third parties arising from the use of
these circuits, software and information.
While NEC Electronics endeavors to enhance the quality, reliability and safety of NEC Electronics products,
customers agree and acknowledge that the possibility of defects thereof cannot be eliminated entirely. To minimize
risks of damage to property or injury (including death) to persons arising from defects in NEC Electronics products,
customers must incorporate sufficient safety measures in their design, such as redundancy, fire-containment and
anti-failure features.
NEC Electronics products are classified into the following three quality grades: "Standard", "Special" and "Specific".
The "Specific" quality grade applies only to NEC Electronics products developed based on a customer-designated
"quality assurance program" for a specific application. The recommended applications of an NEC Electronics
products depend on its quality grade, as indicated below. Customers must check the quality grade of each NEC
Electronics product before using it in a particular application.
"Standard": Computers, office equipment, communications equipment, test and measurement equipment, audio and
visual equipment, home electronic appliances, machine tools, personal electronic equipment and
industrial robots.
"Special": Transportation equipment (automobiles, trains, ships, etc.), traffic control systems, anti-disaster
systems, anti-crime systems, safety equipment and medical equipment (not specifically designed for life
support).
"Specific": Aircraft, aerospace equipment, submersible repeaters, nuclear reactor control systems, life support
systems and medical equipment for life support, etc.
The quality grade of NEC Electronics products is "Standard" unless otherwise expressly specified in NEC
Electronics data sheets or data books, etc. If customers wish to use NEC Electronics products in applications
not intended by NEC Electronics, they must contact an NEC Electronics sales representative in advance to
determine NEC Electronics' willingness to support a given application.
(Note)
(1) "NEC Electronics" as used in this statement means NEC Electronics Corporation and also includes its
majority-owned subsidiaries.
(2) "NEC Electronics products" means any product developed or manufactured by or for NEC Electronics (as
defined above).
M5D 02. 11-1
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Regional Information
Some information contained in this document may vary from country to country. Before using any NEC
Electronics product in your application, pIease contact the NEC Electronics office in your country to
obtain a list of authorized representatives and distributors. They will verify:
Device availability
Ordering information
Product release schedule
Availability of related technical literature
Development environment specifications (for example, specifications for third-party tools and
components, host computers, power plugs, AC supply voltages, and so forth)
Network requirements
In addition, trademarks, registered trademarks, export restrictions, and other legal issues may also vary
from country to country.
[GLOBAL SUPPORT]
http://www.necel.com/en/support/support.html
NEC Electronics America, Inc. (U.S.)
Santa Clara, California
Tel: 408-588-6000
800-366-9782
NEC Electronics (Europe) GmbH
Duesseldorf, Germany
Tel: 0211-65030
Sucursal en España
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Tel: 091-504 27 87
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Tel: 01-30-67 58 00
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Tel: 02-66 75 41
Branch The Netherlands
Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Tel: 040-265 40 10
Tyskland Filial
Taeby, Sweden
Tel: 08-63 87 200
NEC Electronics Hong Kong Ltd.
Hong Kong
Tel: 2886-9318
NEC Electronics Hong Kong Ltd.
Seoul Branch
Seoul, Korea
Tel: 02-558-3737
NEC Electronics Shanghai Ltd.
Shanghai, P.R. China
Tel: 021-5888-5400
NEC Electronics Taiwan Ltd.
Taipei, Taiwan
Tel: 02-2719-2377
NEC Electronics Singapore Pte. Ltd.
Novena Square, Singapore
Tel: 6253-8311
United Kingdom Branch
Milton Keynes, UK
Tel: 01908-691-133
J05.6
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