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HIGH VOLTAGE
PHOTOTRANSISTOR OPTOCOUPLERS
DESCRIPTION
The H11DX and 4N38 are phototransistor-type optically coupled optoisolators. An infrared emitting
diode manufactured from specially grown gallium arsenide is selectively coupled with a high voltage
NPN silicon phototransistor. The device is supplied in a standard plastic six-pin dual-in-line package.
FEATURES
• High Voltage
- H11D1, H11D2, BVCER = 300 V
- H11D3, H11D4, BVCER = 200 V
• High isolation voltage
- 5300 VAC RMS - 1 minute
- 7500 VAC PEAK - 1 minute
• Underwriters Laboratory (UL) recognized File# E90700
H11D1
H11D2
H11D3
H11D4
4N38
APPLICATIONS
Power supply regulators
Digital logic inputs
Microprocessor inputs
Appliance sensor systems
Industrial controls
ANODE 1
CATHODE 2
N/C 3
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Parameter
TOTAL DEVICE
Storage Temperature
Operating Temperature
Lead Solder Temperature
Total Device Power Dissipation @ TA = 25°C
Derate above 25°C
EMITTER
*Forward DC Current
*Reverse Input Voltage
*Forward Current - Peak (1µs pulse, 300pps)
*LED Power Dissipation @ TA = 25°C
Derate above 25°C
6 BASE
5 COLLECTOR
4 EMITTER
Symbol
TSTG
TOPR
TSOL
PD
IF
VR
IF(pk)
PD
Value
-55 to +150
-55 to +100
260 for 10 sec
260
3.5
80
6.0
3.0
150
1.41
Units
°C
°C
°C
mW
mW/°C
mA
V
A
mW
mW/°C
8/9/00 200046A

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HIGH VOLTAGE
PHOTOTRANSISTOR OPTOCOUPLERS
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS (Cont.)
Parameter
DETECTOR
*Power Dissipation @ TA = 25°C
Derate linearly above 25°C
*Collector to Emitter Voltage
*Collector Base Voltage
*Emitter to Collector Voltage
Collector Current (Continuous)
H11D1 - H11D2
H11D3 - H11D4
4N38
H11D1 - H11D2
H11D3 - H11D4
4N38
H11D1 - H11D2
H11D3 - H11D4
H11D1, H11D2, H11D3, H11D4, 4N38
Symbol
PD
VCER
VCBO
VECO
Value
300
4.0
300
200
80
300
200
80
7
100
Units
mW
mW/°C
V
mA
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (TA = 25°C Unless otherwise specified.)
INDIVIDUAL COMPONENT CHARACTERISTICS
Characteristic
Test Conditions Symbol Device
Min Typ**
Max
Unit
EMITTER
*Forward Voltage
Forward Voltage Temp.
Coefficient
Reverse Breakdown Voltage
Junction Capacitance
*Reverse Leakage Current
DETECTOR
*Breakdown Voltage
Collector to Emitter
(IF = 10 mA)
(IR = 10 µA)
(VF = 0 V, f = 1 MHz)
(VF = 1 V, f = 1 MHz)
(VR = 6 V)
(RBE = 1 M")
(IC = 1.0 mA, IF = 0)
(No RBE) (IC = 1.0 mA)
VF
!VF
!TA
BVR
CJ
IR
BVCER
BVCEO
*Collector to Base
(IC = 100 µA, IF = 0) BVCBO
Emitter to Base
Emitter to Collector
*Leakage Current
Collector to Emitter
(RBE = 1 M")
(IE = 100 µA , IF = 0)
(VCE = 200 V, IF = 0, TA = 25°C)
(VCE = 200 V, IF = 0, TA = 100°C)
(VCE = 100 V, IF = 0, TA = 25°C)
(VCE = 100 V, IF = 0, TA = 100°C)
(No RBE) (VCE = 60 V, IF = 0, TA = 25°C)
BVEBO
BVECO
ICER
ICEO
ALL
ALL
ALL
ALL
ALL
ALL
H11D1/2
H11D3/4
4N38
H11D1/2
H11D3/4
4N38
4N38
ALL
H11D1/2
H11D3/4
4N38
6
300
200
80
300
200
80
7
7
1.15
-1.8
25
50
65
0.05
10
1.5 V
mV/°C
V
pF
pF
10 µA
V
100 nA
250 µA
100 nA
250 µA
50 nA
Notes
* Parameters meet or exceed JEDEC registered data (for 4N38 only)
** All typical values at TA = 25°C
8/9/00 200046A

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HIGH VOLTAGE
PHOTOTRANSISTOR OPTOCOUPLERS
H11D1, H11D2, H11D3, H11D4, 4N38
TRANSFER CHARACTERISTICS
DC Characteristic
Test Conditions Symbol Device
Min Typ**
Max
Unit
EMITTER
Current Transfer Ratio
Collector to Emitter
*Saturation Voltage
(IF = 10 mA, VCE = 10 V)
(RBE = 1 M")
(IF = 10 mA, VCE = 10 V)
(IF = 10 mA, IC = 0.5 mA)
(RBE = 1 M")
(IF = 20 mA, IC = 4 mA)
CTR
H11D1
H11D2
H11D3
H11D4
4N38
2 (20)
1 (10)
2 (20)
H11D1/2/3/4
VCE (SAT)
4N38
0.1
mA (%)
0.40
V
1.0
TRANSFER CHARACTERISTICS
Characteristic
Test Conditions
SWITCHING TIMES
Non-Saturated Turn-on Time
Turn-off Time
(VCE =10 V, ICE = 2 mA)
(RL = 100 ")
Symbol
ton
toff
Device
ALL
ALL
Min
Typ**
5
5
Max
Unit
µs
ISOLATION CHARACTERISTICS
Characteristic
Test Conditions Symbol Device
Isolation Voltage
(II-O #$1 µA, 1 min.)
VISO
Isolation Resistance
Isolation Capacitance
(VI-O = 500 VDC)
(f = 1 MHz)
RISO
CISO
Notes
* Parameters meet or exceed JEDEC registered data (for 4N38 only)
** All typical values at TA = 25°C
ALL
ALL
ALL
Min
5300
7500
1011
Typ**
0.5
Max
Unit
(VACRMS)
(VACPEAK)
"
pF
Fig.1 LED Forward Voltage vs. Forward Current
1.8
1.7
1.6
1.5
1.4
TA = 55˚C
1.3
TA = 25˚C
1.2
1.1
1.0
1
TA = 100˚C
10
100
IF - LED FORWARDCURRENT (mA)
10
1
0.1
0.01
Fig.2 Normalized Output Characteristics
IF = 50 mA
IF = 10 mA
Normalized to:
VCE = 10 V
IF = 10 mA
RBE = 106
TA = 25˚C
IF = 5 mA
0.1 1 10
VCE - COLLECTOR VOLTAGE (V)
100
8/9/00 200046A

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HIGH VOLTAGE
PHOTOTRANSISTOR OPTOCOUPLERS
H11D1, H11D2, H11D3, H11D4, 4N38
Fig.3 Normalized Output Current vs. LED Input Current
10
Normalized to:
VCE = 10 V
IF = 10 mA
RBE = 106
TA = 25˚C
1
0.1
Fig.4 Normalized Output Current vs. Temperature
IF = 20 mA
IF = 10 mA
1
IF = 5 mA
Normalized to:
VCE = 10 V
IF = 10 mA
RBE = 106
TA = 25˚C
0.01
1
10
IF - LED INPUT CURRENT (mA)
0.1
-60 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100
TA - AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (˚C)
Fig.5 Normalized Dark Current vs. Ambient Temperature
10000
1000
100
10
Normalized to:
VCE = 100 V
RBE = 106
TA = 25˚C
VCE = 300 V
VCE = 100 V
VCE = 50 V
1
0.1
10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110
TA - AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (˚C)
Normalized Collector-Base Current vs. Temperature
10
9
8 IF = 50 mA
7
Normalized to:
VCE = 10 V
IF = 10 mA
RBE = 106
TA = 25˚C
6
5
4
3
2 IF = 10 mA
1
IF = 5 mA
0
-60 -40
-20 0 20 40 60
TA - AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (˚C)
80
100
8/9/00 200046A

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HIGH VOLTAGE
PHOTOTRANSISTOR OPTOCOUPLERS
Package Dimensions (Through Hole)
321
PIN 1
ID.
0.270 (6.86)
0.240 (6.10)
0.070 (1.78)
0.045 (1.14)
456
0.350 (8.89)
0.330 (8.38)
0.200 (5.08)
0.135 (3.43)
0.154 (3.90)
0.100 (2.54)
0.022 (0.56)
0.016 (0.41)
0.100 (2.54)
TYP
0.020 (0.51)
MIN
0.016 (0.40)
0.008 (0.20)
0° to 15°
0.300 (7.62)
TYP
H11D1, H11D2, H11D3, H11D4, 4N38
Package Dimensions (Surface Mount)
0.350 (8.89)
0.330 (8.38)
321
PIN 1
ID.
0.270 (6.86)
0.240 (6.10)
456
0.070 (1.78)
0.045 (1.14)
0.200 (5.08)
0.165 (4.18)
0.022 (0.56)
0.016 (0.41)
0.020 (0.51)
MIN
0.100 (2.54)
TYP
Lead Coplanarity : 0.004 (0.10) MAX
0.300 (7.62)
TYP
0.016 (0.40) MIN
0.315 (8.00)
MIN
0.405 (10.30)
MAX
0.016 (0.41)
0.008 (0.20)
Package Dimensions (0.4”Lead Spacing)
321
PIN 1
ID.
0.270 (6.86)
0.240 (6.10)
456
0.350 (8.89)
0.330 (8.38)
0.070 (1.78)
0.045 (1.14)
0.200 (5.08)
0.135 (3.43)
0.004 (0.10)
MIN
0.154 (3.90)
0.100 (2.54)
0.022 (0.56)
0.016 (0.41)
0.100 (2.54) TYP
0.016 (0.40)
0.008 (0.20)
0° to 15°
0.400 (10.16)
TYP
NOTE
All dimensions are in inches (millimeters)
Recommended Pad Layout for
Surface Mount Leadform
0.070 (1.78)
0.060 (1.52)
0.415 (10.54)
0.100 (2.54)
0.295 (7.49)
0.030 (0.76)
8/9/00 200046A